Saturday, March 2, 2013

Uttarakuru & the Legendary "Lost City of Gold"


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"According to Rajatarangini of Kalhana, king Lalitaditya Muktapida of Kashmir leads a war expedition against the tribes of north (i.e. north of Kashmir) and in sequence, encounters the Kambojas, Tusharas, Bhauttas, Daradas, Valukambudhis, Uttarakurus, Strirajya (mythical or otherwise) and Pragjyotisha with whom he fights one after the other......Rajatarangini places Uttarkuru land in the neighborhood of Strirajya. Based on Yuan Chwang's evidence, Strirajya is identified as a country lying north of Kashmir, south of Khotan and west of Tibet....Kalhana (sometimes spelled Kalhan or Kalhan'a) (c. 12th century), a Kashmiri, was the author of Rajatarangini (Chronicle of Kings), an account of the history of Kashmir. He wrote the work in Sanskrit between 1148 and 1149 AD "

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"Lalitāditya Muktapīḍa (r. 724 CE–760 CE) was an emperor of the Kashmiri Karkoṭa dynasty, which exercised influence in northwestern India from 625 CE until 1003. He is known primarily for his successful resistance to Muslim and Tibetan advances into Kashmiri-dominated regions."

"Uttarakuru (Sanskrit) is the name of a dvipa ("continent") in ancient Hindu and Buddhist mythology. The Uttarakuru country and its people are sometimes described as belonging to the real world, whereas at other times they are mythical or otherworldly spiritual beings....Aitareya Brahmana makes first reference to Uttarakuru and Uttaramadra as real-life Janapadas (kingdoms of Vedic (Iron Age) India)...... According to Aitareya Brahmana, these two nations lied beyond the Himalayan ranges (Hindukush). The Aitareya Brahmana adduces these two people as examples of republican (vairajiya) nations, where whole Janapada took the consecration of rulership....The land of Uttarakuru of the Puranas is said to be somewhat of an El Dorado, a legendary "Lost City of Gold"..... no notice of the Uttaramadras (Bahlika, Bactria) has been taken of while fixing up the above location of Uttarakuru......Aitareya Brahmana again notes that Uttarakuru was a devak-setra or divine land."...

"Ramayana testifies that the original home of the Kurus was in Bahli country. Ila, son of Parajapati Karddama was a king of Bahli, where Bahli represents Sanskrit Bahlika (Bactria). Also the kings from Aila lineage have been called Karddameyas. The Aila is also stated to be the lineage of the Kurus themselves. The Karddamas obtained their name from river Karddama in Persia/ancient Iran. Moreover, Sathapatha Brahmana attests a king named Bahlika Pratipeya as of the Kauravya lineage. Bahlika Pratipeya, as the name implies, was a prince of Bahlika (Bactria). Thus, the Bahli, Bahlika was the original home of the Kurus. Thus, Bahlika or Bactria may have constituted the Uttarakuru. Mahabharata and Sumangalavilasini also note that the people of Kuru had originally migrated from Uttarakutru. Bactria is evidently beyond the Hindukush i.e. Himalaya. In ancient literature, Himalaya is said to be extending from eastern occean to western occean and even today is not separated from it.".....Geographical Data in Early Puranas, 1972, Dr M. R. Singh

"The Chinese-pilgrim monk, Xuanzang, c. 634 CE, remarks that Mo-lo-so, also called San-po-ho borders with Suvarnagotra or Suvarnabhumi (Land of Gold), identical with the Kingdom of Women (Strirajya). According to Tucci, the Zhangzhung kingdom, or at least its southern districts, were known by this name by the 7th-century Indians.

Jean Przylusky has shown that Bahlika (Balkh) was an Iranian settlement of the Madras who were known as Bahlika-Uttaramadras......An Ancient People of Panjab, The Udumbras, Journal Asiatique, 1926, p 11, Jean Przylusky

The Uttara Madra country of Aitareya Brahmana is often identified with Bahlika (Bactria).....Bactria (from Βακτριανή, the Hellenized version of Old Persian Bāxtriš; Elamite ba-ak-ši-iš, Persian and Pashto as باختر Bākhtar or Pākhtar; Tajik: Бохтар; Chinese 大夏 Dàxià) is the ancient name of a historical region located south of the Amu Darya and west of Gandhara.


John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….March 2013


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