"gShen, a word of obscure origin and meaning, can here be translated as "practice" or "practitioner" according to the Lopon."...http://bon-encyclopedia.wikispaces.com/southerntr
"Bon, unlike the religious outgrowths of the Aryan culture, especially Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism in their quasi-popular forms, gives little heed to the pursuit of salvation through austerities. Bon philosophy speaks of 'Yeshen' as being reflected in the interplay between heaven and earth."...(Chogyam Trungpa: The Heart of the Buddha"...1991..pg 222)....
Tonpa Shenrab...Tonpa Shenrab Miwoche (sTon-pa gShen-rab Mi-bo-che: Teacher and Great Man of the Shen) ....Tonpa Shenrab, the Tulku (sprul-sku) who is the teacher (sTon-pa)..Tonpa Shenrab (Tibetan: ston pa gshen rab) or Shenrab Miwo (Tibetan: gshen rab mi bo)—also called Buddha Shenrab, Guru Shenrab, Tonpa Shenrab Miwoche, Lord Shenrab Miwo
Life Ston-Pa-Rab Gshen, Founder of the Bon Religion....Tonpa_Shenrab_-_Life_Story_19th_century_Collection_of_Rubin_Museum_of_Art.jpg
God of Compassion Shenlha Odkar (gShen-lha 'Od-dkar) ...Shenlha Odkar (gShen-lha 'od- dkar), the Dzogku (rdzogs-sku: Perfect Sphere)
Prediction (Phyva-gshen Theg-pa)
SA ce na, priests
Practices performed by priests called shen (gshen)
"The term gShen, indicating in Tibetan a speciﬁc category of Bon priests, has often been the subject of tentative interpretations.".......http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/bot/pdf/bot_1992_03_01.pdf
Bon 8th Way of Primordial Shen, (Ye-gshen theg-pa) renders the guidelines for seeking a true tantric master and the samaya that binds a disciple to his tantric master; and in summation Yeshen thegpa (Ye-gshen theg-pa), the Way of the Primordial Shen, stresses the need for a suitable teacher, place and occasion for Tantric practices, explains the mandala in greater detail as well as instructions for deity meditation.
" The ritual supplications are directed to a variety of deities, including the local deities (yul lha), and minor spirits like sman and g.yang. In these rituals, the main officiant is called lha bon po, that term lha presumably indicating his special role towards deities. The other officiant is the gshen, and it is interesting to see that it was the norm, rather than the exception, for these two types of ritualist to work together... the dockets from Miran can be dated, with some confidence, to the 9th century, and probably to Tibet’s imperial era. As records of actual ritual events, they let us know that this was not a merely a literary tradition, but a living practice. And unlike the literary texts, they are firmly local, telling us who the officiants of the ritual were, why the ritual was carried out, and the local deities to whom the ritual was addressed. The offer us the chance to see the activities of the bon po (as well as other ritual officiants like gshen), “on the ground.”"......http://earlytibet.com/2012/01/31/the-earliest-evidence-of-bonpo-rituals/
gS`en-rabs-mi-bo -- biography in 61 episodes......BON STUDIES, 9 (= SENRI ETHNOLOGICAL REPORTS, 57) = Samten G. Karmay: Feast of the Morning Light. National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, 2005........http://texts.00.gs/Feast_of_the_Morning_Light.htm
Nampa Gyalwa Buddha is the most powerful manifestation of the Lord Tonpa Shenrab Buddha.
The supreme divine principle of Bon is referred to as Yeshen......
Dulwa Shen Drug (The Six Teachers of Discipline) ..... the special forms of Tonpa Shenrab that lead beings out of the six realms of existence: god, demi-god, human, animal, ghost and hell realms.
1. God Realm: Lhayi Dulshen, Yeshen Tsugpu (lha yi 'dul g.shen, ye g.shen gtsug phud).
2. Asura Realm: Lhamin Dulshen, Chegyal Pati (lha min 'dul g.shen, lce rgyal pa ti).
3. Human Realm: Miyi Dulshen, Sangwa Dupa (mi yi 'dul g.shen, g.sang ba 'dus pa).
4. Animal Realm: Jolsong Dulshen, Tisang Rangshi (byol song 'dul g.shen, ti sangs rang zhi).
5. Ghost Realm: Yidag Dulshen, Sangwa Ngang Ring (yi dwags 'dul g.shen, g.sang ba ngang ring).
6. Hell Realm: Nyalwa'i Dulshen, Micho Demdrug (dmyal ba'i 'dul g.shen, mi cho ldem drug).
John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….March 2013