Monday, August 12, 2013

Shenlha Okar Iconography: The White Turban


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'On his head was a white turban.... on his feet he wore patraongden boots from Shangshung.'

"The word turban is thought to have originated among Persians living in the area now known as Iran, who called the headgear a dulband…….Early Persians wore a conical cap encircled by bands of cloth, which historians have suggested was developed to become the modern turban…Central Asian turban wearers usually wind it anew for each wearing, using long strips of cloth. The cloth is usually not longer than five meters."…

"In ancient times the Turban preceded the Yamaka and the Crown as the symbol of Spiritual Wisdom, Knowledge and Power. Transformational gemstones were placed 
inside the Turban, and later the Crown."…..

Persepolis: Apadana, North Stairs Relief……522 to 486 BC......the relief of the northern stairs of the Apadana at Persepolis, now in the Tehran archaeological museum, is one of the most important examples of Achaemenid art. It shows how a king (usually identified with Darius the Great) and his crown prince receive an important official, perhaps Pharnaces……The first man behind the great king has a turban that can be identified as the cap of one of the Magians, the sacrificial specialists of the Persian empire. He is probably the Masmoghân, the chief Magian and supreme religious leader of ancient Iran, who had, according to a very late tradition, his residence in Rhagae. The lower part of the turban can be put before the mouth, so that the Magian did not pollute the sacred fire with his breath. From the holy book of Zoroastrianism, the Avesta, we know that the felt turban is called pâdam.

"The Khwajagan....highly evolved humans collectively known since the 8th century A.D. as the Khwajagan..... are known to be possessors of phenomenal mystical powers such as Tay al-Ard (telekinesis, thaumaturgical teleportation: the ability to travel throughout the universe within the ‘twinkle of an eye‘, also the term for ‘the ability to appear at different places at one and the same time’), and Kashf and Ilham (highly advanced psychic and telepathic communication) .....Major centers of power from which the Khwajagan operate include the Khurasan (Hindu Kush) region and Afghanistan, and such towns as Bokhara and Balkh......

"In Pakistan the turban is in widespread use….. in the north of the country, black and white turbans are preferred. The turban most commonly found in Pakistan is white and crestless, and worn commonly in the Pashtun belt, while in rural Punjab and Sindh, it is mostly worn by elders or in rural areas. The turban is called either a Pagri, Pag or Lungee……Turbans are part of the national dress in Afghanistan hey are used more widely than elsewhere in the Muslim world, and are worn in a wide range of styles and colors. In the country's southeast, turbans are wrapped loosely and largely, whereas in Kabul turbans tend to be smaller and tighter……In India the turban is referred to as a pagri, worn by men and is manually tied. The pagri is a symbol of honour and respect everywhere it is worn; it is a common practice to honour important guests by offering them one to wear…… white, associated with peace. is worn by elders"….

The Prophet Muhammad is believed to have worn a turban in white, the most holy color.

"The name "turban" is found in this form in European languages only: Greek--turban, English--turban, turbaned; French--turban, tulband; German--turban; Italian, Spanish and Portugese--turbante; Dutch--tulbans; Romanian--tulipan; in Latin, it is the miter; and it is generally traced to the Persian sarband. In Turkish, sarik is the usual name for turban. In ancient Egyptian civilization the turban was considered an ornamental headdress. They called it pjr from which perhaps is derived the word pagari or pugree, so commonly used in the Punjab of India."……

"…Jesus is never portrayed with oriental head-dress, i.e. with a turban or kaffiyeh, in Christian biblical art……the "orientalization of the Orient" began in the fifteenth century , when the practice of depicting Jews in turbans became firmly established. Before the late fourteen hundreds, one only rarely sees a biblical Israelite depicted with a turban. One exception is the 12th century (after 1187) bronze door of the Cathedral of Pisa by Bonanno (the architect of the "Leaning Tower.")….. Bonanno shows some Prophets protected by the shade of palm trees, probably meant to index the oriental environment. These figures wear what looks very much like turbans. Such depiction was, however, very rare. Even the early fourteenth century work of Giotto avoids orientalizing the biblical Jew. He was familiar with the turban, and did place it on the head of the "Sultan" in his 1325 Scenes from the Life of St. Francis, the famous fresco in the Bardi Chapel of the Church of Sta. Croce in Florence. But he never placed a turban on the head of a Jew."….


John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….2013


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