"...the biography of Tilopa was written in ancient Tibetan language that is difficult not only for the translators to translate into foreign languages but even difficult for contemporary modern Tibetans to comprehend....Uddiyana is not an invisible, celestial buddha field where people cannot go.... it is said that it is located somewhere in what is now known as Pakistan......When Tilopa went to Uddiyana, he encountered many hardships and obstacles that were caused by the dakinis. Generally, we believe that dakinis are noble and kind beings, but this is not necessarily true. From the point of view of some Indians, dakinis are flesh-eating, bloodthirsty women who cause harm to people. They can cast spells on people — and things like that which are not necessarily good. In India, if you say to a woman, “You are a dakini,” she may not be very happy, because you are saying, “You are a witch.”....the land of Uddiyana, and when he arrived he received secret dakini teachings directly from Vajrayogini. It is not mentioned whether he saw a pure vision of yidam Vajrayogini or whether he saw her in human form. In any case, having received teachings directly from the yidam Vajrayogini, Tilopa instantly attained absolute realization. "......http://www.kagyu.org/ktd/densal/archives/1801/hhtilopa.php
Garsha, Heart Land of the Dakinis...."Khandro Thrinlay Chodon was born in Lahoul, which is known in the dharma texts as the 'Land of the Dakinis'.....a valley called Lahoul (also known as Garsha in the Tibetan texts).....“The word ‘Khachodling’ holds a deep spiritual meaning for me. Simply stated it is the place where the heart essence of wisdom, known as the feminine principle in Buddhism, is nourished and respected. Compassionate Action flows unceasingly from this source. Literally translated from the Tibetan, this is a ‘land of the blissful dakinis’.....http://www.khachodling.org/
"According to Tibetan historians, such as Taranatha (b. 1575) and Pema Karpo (b. 1527), the Anuttara Tantras originated not in north-central India, the original field of activity of the historical Buddha, but to the northwest in the mysterious land of Uddiyana. G. Tucci, basing himself on two medieval Tibetan accounts written long after the historical Uddiyana had vanished in the Muslim invasions of India and Afghanistan, believed that Uddiyana was the small Swat valley in modern day Pakistan. But there is ample evidence to show that Uddiyana was a much larger region including a goodly portion of Eastern Afghanistan."....http://vajranatha.com/teaching/Dakinis.htm
Click on the map to enlarge.
"......among the Tibetans, Uddiyana remains the legendary Land of the Dakinis, that is, a land of exceptionally beautiful and independent women. In the early medieval times, many of the Mahasiddhas or great adepts, who were largely responsible for the revelation of the Buddhist Tantras, were said to have personally visited Uddiyana in order to receive initiation into the practice of the Tantras from the Dakinis. This included famous names such as Nagarjuna the alchemist (the reincarnation of the earlier philosopher Nagarjuna), Saraha, Tilopa, and others."....http://vajranatha.com/teaching/Dakinis.htm
"In general, the Buddhist term “Dakini” can be taken to mean goddess. In the Tibetan language this Sanskrit term is translated as Khandroma (mkha’-‘gro-ma) meaning “she who traverses the sky” or “she who moves in space.” Dakinis are active manifestations of energy. Therefore, they are usually depicted as dancing, this also indicating that they actively participate in the world, or in the spiritual perspective, in both Samsara and Nirvana. In the Tantric Buddhist tradition of Tibet, Dakinis basically represent manifestations of energy in female form, the movement of energy in space. In this context, the sky or space indicates Shunyata, the insubstantiality of all phenomena, which is, at the same time, the pure potentiality for all possible manifestations.".....http://vajranatha.com/teaching/Dakinis.htm
Oddiyana or Uddiyana in the west hosts the temple of Katyayini (identified with Vimala) and her consort Jagannath. The Hevajara Tantra, which has a similar list, also mentions Katyayini as the Bhairavi and Jagannath as the Bhairava in the Pitha of Udra (Odra)."....Sircar, Dines Chandra (1998). The Śākta Pīṭhas. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-0879-9.
"According to Tibetan historians, the Buddha visited Uddiyana at the invitation of its king Indrabhuti and in response to the king’s request for a spiritual path that did not require him to renounce the world and his kingship in order to become a monk, the Buddha taught the Guhyasamaja Tantra, the Tantra of the Secret Assembly.".....http://vajranatha.com/teaching/Dakinis.htm
"Khandro Thrinlay Chodon was born in Lahoul, which is known in the dharma texts as the 'Land of the Dakinis'.....a valley called Lahoul (also known as Garsha in the Tibetan texts).....“The word ‘Khachodling’ holds a deep spiritual meaning for me. Simply stated it is the place where the heart essence of wisdom, known as the feminine principle in Buddhism, is nourished and respected. Compassionate Action flows unceasingly from this source. Literally translated from the Tibetan, this is a ‘land of the blissful dakinis’.....http://www.khachodling.org/
"Lahoul: the valley traditionally called Garsha, (Gar zha, Gar zhwa, Garsha Khandro ling) the Land of the Dakinis.....http://www.drukpa.com
"Garsha, Heart Land of the Dakinis - A Mirror into Lahaul Sacred Time and Space.....http://www.ladakhstudies.org
"The source of the Drukpa Lineage stems from the Primordial Buddha Vajradhara, the All-Pervading Lord of the Hundred Buddha Families.....Vajradhara himself directly granted his blessing to Tili Sherab Zangpo, Tilopa - who lived in Bengal in the 10th century. Tilopa then gave the transmission of his full realization to the Lord of the World, the Indian Mahasiddha Naropa (1016-1100).....at present time the Drukpa Lineage is responsible for more then 1000 monasteries in Tibet, Bhutan, Ladakh, Garsha, Kinnaur, South India, West Bengal, Sikkim and Nepal "....http://www.drukpa-canaria.org
"2nd Incarnation of Kushok Bakula Rinpoche – Mahasiddha Tilopa (Tibetan: ཏི་ལོ་པ, Wylie: Ti lo pa), or Sherab Zangpo (Tibetan: ཤེས་རབ་བཟང་པོ, Wylie: Shes rab bzang po) (Prajnabhadra)......Naropa"s teacher, a crazy-wisdom yogi named Tilopa, is said to have stormed the palace of the dakinis, who held the ultimate sacred teachings he sought....Tilopa also known as Tillipa, Telopa or Tailopa (Tib. ཏི་ལོ་པ་) (988-1069) — the most important source of the Kagyü lineage is traced back to the great Indian yogi Tilopa and one of his main disciples, Naropa (1016-1110). He is also counted among the eighty-four mahasiddhas......http://www.rigpawiki.org
"...the Japanese Shingon school from where she disseminated into Japanese culture, evolving into Dakini-ten and becoming linked to the kitsune iconography... Kitsune have become closely associated with Inari, a Shinto kami or spirit....Kitsune are connected to the Buddhist religion through the Dakiniten, goddesses conflated with Inari's female aspect. Dakiniten is depicted as a female boddhisattva wielding a sword and riding a flying white fox."....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitsune
STRITAJYA.. (Suvarnagotra)(Sauromatae)..The Land of Women....An area that Alexander the Great was not able to conquer...(Stein:1972..pg 34)
John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….August 2013