Sunday, May 26, 2013

Āditya Solar Dynasty & the Sakya Clan of the Buddha

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"Ādityas (Sanskrit: आदित्य, pronounced [ɑːd̪it̪jɐ]), meaning "of Aditi", refers to the offspring of Aditi. In later Hinduism, Aditya is used in the singular to mean the sun....the Sakya clan of the Buddha, a clan which also claimed to belong to the race of Aditya i.e. solar race.....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ādityas

"In the Skanda Purāṇa there is this description: upāyanaṁ daduḥ sarve vinā devān hiraṇyakaḥ. Hiraṇyakaśipu was so powerful that everyone but the three principal demigods—namely Lord Brahmā, Lord Śiva and Lord Viṣṇu—engaged in his service. Madhvācārya says, ādityā vasavo rudrās tri-vidhā hi surā yataḥ. There are three kinds of demigods—the Ādityas, the Vasus and the Rudras—beneath whom are the other demigods, like the Maruts and Sādhyas (marutaś caiva viśve ca sādhyāś caiva ca tad-gatāḥ). Therefore all the demigods are called tri-piṣṭapa, and the same word tri applies to Lord Brahmā, Lord Śiva and Lord Viṣṇu."

"The Shakyas were of the Kshatriya solar race and called themselves rajas.... The Buddhist text Mahavamsa calls Chandragupta a scion of the Khattya (Kshatriya) clan named Moriya (Maurya). ....The commentary on the Mahavamsa connects him with the Sakya clan of the Buddha, a clan which also claimed to belong to the race of Aditya i.e. solar race. Ancient Jain texts Punyashrava Katha Kosh refers to Chanragupta as Kshatriya. A medieval inscription represents the Maurya clan as belonging to the solar race of Kshatriyas. It is stated that the Maurya line sprang from Suryavamsi Mandhatri, son of prince Yuvanashva of the solar race....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancestry_of_Chandragupta_Maurya

"...KALACHAKRA.....the protest of a group of no less than 35 million Rishis (seers) led by the sage Suryaratha ("sun chariot”)..... [Surya (Devanagari: सूर्य Sūrya, "the Supreme Light") Suraya or Phra Athit is the chief solar deity in Hinduism. The term Surya also refers to the Sun, in general.]......As the first Kulika king, Manjushrikirti, preached the Kalachakra Tantra to his subjects, Suryaratha distanced himself from it, and his followers, the Rishis, joined him. They preferred to choose banishment from Shambhala than to follow the “diamond path” (Vajrayana). Nonetheless, after they had set out in the direction of India and had already crossed the border of the kingdom, Manjushrikirti sank in to a deep meditation, stunned the emigrants by magic and ordered demon birds to bring them back.....The Rishis worshipped only the sun. For this reason they also called their guru the “sun chariot” (suryaratha). But the Kulika king had as Kalachakra master and cosmic androgyne united both heavenly orbs in himself. He was the master of sun and moon. His demand of the Rishis that they adopt the teachings of the Kalachakra Tantra was also enacted on a night of the full moon....The Rishis decided upon the latter. “Since we all want to remain true to the sun chariot, we also do not wish to give up our religion and to join another”, they rejoined (Grünwedel, 1915, p. 77).

The Shakyas are mentioned in the Buddhist texts, which include the Mahāvastu (ca. late 2nd century BCE), Mahāvaṃsa and Sumaṅgalavilāsinī, mostly in the accounts of the birth of the Buddha, as a part of the Adichchabandhus (kinsmen of the sun) or the Ādichchas (solar race) and as descendants of the legendary king Ikṣvāku (Pāli: Okkāka).....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakya

"Ikshvaku (Sanskrit: इक्ष्वाकु,ikṣvāku (from the word Sanskrit: इक्षु,ikṣu which means ‘sugar cane’) pāli: Okkāka) was the first king of the Ikshvaku dynasty and founder of the Ikshvaku-Vansh, or Suryavansh/Solar Dynasty of Kshatriyas in Vedic civilization in ancient India.....In Buddhism Ikshvaku is an epithet of Śakya Simha Buddha......ikṣvāku-kule — in the dynasty of Ikṣvāku (grandson of Vivasvān, the sun-god)...House of Ikshvaku.....Across the length and breadth of Greater India, numerous royal families have claimed to have belonged to the House of Ikshvaku, which was synonymous with the Solar Dynasty.....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikshvaku

Statue of R̥ṣabha at Los Angeles County Museum of Art....Rishabha (R̥ṣabha, also known as Adinatha, Adishvara and Adeshvara "Primal Lord", is the traditional founder of Jainism. He was the first of the twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras or "ford-makers", teachers who established the Jain teachings. According to legends, he belonged to the Ikshvaku dynasty of ancient Ayodhya. His son was believed to be the first chakravartin. Rishabha is also known as Rikhava and is sometimes called Rishabha of Kosala.

"Rishabha is usually depicted in lotus position or kayotsarga, a standing position. He is distinguished from other Tirthankara by his long locks of hair which falls on his shoulders......Rishabha (c. 7190 BCE) also known as Adinatha is an important figure in Jainism. He is referred to as the founder of Jainism.He was the first of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkara. According to Jain beliefs, Rishabha founded the Ikshvaku Solar Dynasty.".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rishabha_(Jain_tirthankar)

"In Indian Vedic mythology, Aditi is “infinity,” the source of all forms of consciousness including the divine characteristics of the gods themselves. Aditi is also “unity,” whereas her sister Diti or Danu is that force which separates things. Aditi is the source of the divine within humanity. Diti reflects its flawed aspect. Vedic mythology celebrates Aditi as Earth, the goddess who is the source of all living things. She is the mother by the sage Kasyapa of the Ādityas, the “sons of Aditi,” who are gods of the sun (one name for which is Āditya) and are the formative principles of the Universe. Among the personified Ādityas are Sūrya, Mitra , Varuṇa, Aryaman and, perhaps most important, the great Vedic king of the gods, Indra . In Buddhism, Āditya is a name sometimes applied to the Buddha."....Oxford Dictionary of Asian Mythology: Aditi and the Ādityas

"āditya-bandhu, ādityabandhu आदित्यबन्धु......... The Sun Friend; a name for Buddha Śākyamuni".....Jeffrey Hopkins' Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sanskrit: āditya-bandhu; sūrya-mitra......kinsman or friend of the sun - Adityabandhu.....relatives of the sun, epithet of shakyamuni adityabandhu, epithet of sakyamuni buddha.....nyi ma'i gnyen/nyimenyen...http://dictionary.thlib.org

Shuddhodana (Skt. Śuddhodana; Wyl. rgyal po zas gtang ma) — King of the Shakyas and father of Prince Siddhartha, the future Buddha Shakyamuni....Siddhārtha Gautama as one belonging to the Shākya clan, a lineage in the solar dynasty whose members include figures from Indic legend.....http://www.universitypressscholarship.com

In the Rigveda, the Ādityas are the seven celestial deities, sons of Āditi, headed by Varuna, followed by Mitra (Vedic personification of Surya) :
Varuna... god of the sky, of water and of the celestial ocean.
Mitra (Surya)...some relation with the Zoroastrian divinity Mithra (Miθra)
Aryaman...creator of day and night, controls the movement of time.
Bhaga...god of wealth and marriage
Anśa or Aṃśa
Dhatri...god of health and domestic tranquility
Indra...god of rain and thunderstorms

"The Suryavanshi clan is an ancient Kshatriya clan of India. It is also known by many synonyms as Ādityavanśa (आदित्यवंश), Mitravanśa (मित्रवंश), Arkavanśa (अर्कवंश) and Ravivanśa (रविवंश). The early Suryavanshis considered the sun god (Surya, Aditya or Arka) as their kuladevata and mainly practised sun-worship. The Gurjars believe themselves to have descended from Suryavanshi & Chandravanshi Kshatriyas. The copper-plate grants of Gurjars bear an emblem of the Sun and on their seals too, this symbol is depicted. Also, the Gurjar title of honor is Mihir which means Sun.".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suryavansha

"...the Lunar Dynasty (Somavansha, Chandravansha) also known as Ailas is one of the three principal houses of the Kshatriya varna, or warrior–ruling caste. This legendary dynasty was descended from the moon (Soma or Chandra), while the other principal houses, the Solar Dynasty (Suryavanshi) claims descent from the sun (surya) and the Agnivanshi claim to have been born to the fire-god Agni, with the term vansh referring to descent. ".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_Dynasty

".... the myths of all the other Indo-European peoples is solar in nature. The great sun hero Siegfried/Sigurd is just such an example of a Norse solar hero. Wilhelm Richard Wagner[1813-1873] based much of his music dramas upon the myth of the sun hero with characters such as the afore-mentioned Siegfried, the swan knight Lohengrin,Tannhaueser and Parsifal......"....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norse_mythology

"The name "Khorasan" (balkh Region) is derived from Middle Persian khor (meaning "sun") and asan (or ayan literally meaning "to come" or "coming" or "about to come"), hence meaning "land where the sun rises". The Persian word Khāvar-zamīn (Persian: خاور زمین‎), meaning "the eastern land", has also been used as an equivalent term."....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Khorasan

"BEL.....Belenos is unsusual in Celtic belief, as this deity (under the various version of his name) is known throughout the Celtic world. His symbols are the horse an wheel and his name means 'The Shining God'. He is one of the Celtic high gods, and is probably a solar deity."....http://www.celtnet.org.uk/gods_b/belenos.html

"The Maitraka dynasty ruled Gujarat in western India from c. 475 to 767.....The name Maitraka is said to derive from Mithra, the Sun or Sun deity, also a synonym of Mihira. The Maitrakas, the worshippers of Mitra/Mithra i.e. Sun-worshippers identified with the Mihiras. There is evidence that the Maitraka rulers had switched to Shaivism, but when Chinese traveller Hieun-Tsang visited Vallabhi during second quarter of 7th century, he found its ruler to be a Buddhist follower. When I-Tsing, another Chinese traveller, visited Vallabhi in the last quarter of 7th century, he found Vallabhi as a great center of learning including Buddhism. Gunamati and Sthiramati were two famous Buddhist scholars of Vallabhi at the middle of 7th century....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maitraka

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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….July 2014

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