Thursday, May 30, 2013

Tirthas, Kshetra, Sacred Sites & Power Spots

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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

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MANDALA..."The psycho-cosmogram (mandala) is a complex 3-dimensional system of inter-relations applied to reality at different levels. An elaborate tiered palace on the central cosmic mountain and the world around it organized into 3 planes: celestial or sky zone, the surface of the earth, and the subterranean. This threefold ordering of space is tribhubvana in Sanskrit (So gsum in Tibetan). The 24 Tantric power places of India are arranged in this system with eight existing on each of the three planes. Lapchi or Godaqua are listed as one of the 'eight sites of celestial actions'." (Lopez: 1997...pg 124)...

"Tirich Mir.....Krumai lives on her sacred mountain Tirich Mir...She had a shrine at Badáwan, where the Afghan Kalasha used to make offerings.....Robertson first thought Krumai was a male god, “but after seeing her effigy in one of the dancing-houses in Presungul, no doubt could remain concerning her sex. She is worshipped everywhere probably…”...The goddess Krumai came over from Tirich Mir* and went among them, but none recognised her ... Tirich Mir was a sacred mountain......

Power place...(gnas ri) "a venerated mountain power place, a place that has been empowered by the presence and by the activities of famous religious practitioners throughout the centuries." (Blondeau:1996..pg3)...
"Every twelve years (during the Horse year) a great pilgrimage to Amnye Machen (Magyel Pomra) takes place. The pilgrimage route is marked by various power places." (Blondeau: 1996..pg 80)....Tibetan, a pilgrim is called a gnas skor ba
"the 25 power places of Eastern Tibet."..(Kongtrul: 1995..pg 30)...

.......power: ནུས་པ (nus pa)......power: ནུས་ཤུགས (nus shugs).....place: ས་ཆ (sa cha)......place (H): གཞུགས་ས (gzhugs sa).......sacred: རྩ་ཆེན་པོ (rtsa chen po).....pilgrimage: གནས་འཇལ (gnas 'jal)....

"24 Famous Tantric places of India. Some were already significant to Tibetans as being the dwellings of powerful mountain gods and goddesses, along with a host of other local spiritual forces. Lapchi is one such area with the mountain of Gaurishankar." (Lopez: 1997...pg 123)

TIRTHAS....."Hindus call the sacred places to which they travel tirthas, and the action of going on a pilgrimage tirtha-yatra. The Sanskrit word tirtha means river ford, steps to a river, or place of pilgrimage. In Vedic times the word may have concerned only those sacred places associated with water, but by the time of the Mahabharata, tirtha had come to denote any holy place, be it a lake, mountain, forest, or cave. Tirthas are more than physical locations, however. Devout Hindus believe them to be spiritual fords, the meeting place of heaven and earth, the locations where one crosses over the river of samsara (the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth) to reach the distant shore of liberation."....http://sacredsites.com/asia/india/pilgrimage_places.html

"....As a threshold between heaven and earth, the tirtha is not only a place for the upward crossings of people's prayers and rites, it is also a place for the downward crossings of the gods. These divine descents are the well-known avataras of the Hindu tradition. Indeed, the words tirtha and avatara come from related verbal roots....one might say that the avataras descend, opening the doors of the tirthas so that men and women may ascend in their rites and prayers.".....Banaras: City of Light, Diana Eck

"India.... the primary pilgrimage sites include the Four Dhams or Divine Abodes at the four compass points; the Seven Sacred Cities and their primary temples; the Jyotir, Svayambhu, and Pancha Bhutha Linga temples; the Shakti Pitha temples; the Kumbha Mela sites; major Vaishnava sites; the Nava Graha Sthalas (temples of the planets); the seven sacred rivers (Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Godavari, Narmada, Kaveri, and the Sarayu); the four Mutts of Sri Adi Sankaracharya (Badrinath/Joshimath, Puri, Sringeri, and Dwarka); the Arupadaividu (the six sacred places of Lord Kumara)"....http://sacredsites.com/asia/india/pilgrimage_places.html

Region of Iranian culture like Commagene, an Iranian Dynasty of the 1st Century BC. Rock carved underground chamber in the Hierothesion of Mithridates I Kallinikos at Arsameia on the Nymphaios.

"There are many gods....They are always present everywhere.....the dieties of the indigenous traditions of Western Europe and The Americas especially were dismantled, suppressed, undermined, abused, forgotten...followers were not even allowed to mention them.....but they still have not been able to destroy them, even with the desecration of the entire planet...the drala principle exists everywhere, always."..(Naropa Institute 1975.....Trungpa)

Celtic Power places in France: Perigueux (Dordogne), Oisseau-le-Petit (Poitiers), Nimes, Glanum, Metz, Compiegne...

"In Jainism, a tīrtha (Sanskrit: तीर्थ "ford, a shallow part of a body of water that may be easily crossed") is used to refer both to pilgrimage sites as well as to the four sections of the sangha. A tirtha provides the inspiration to enable one to cross over from worldly engagement to the side of nirvana.....

"Kshetra..... (Sanskrit: क्षेत्र "field, area, tract of land") denotes a holy precinct or temenos. The Kurukshetra specifically is the "field" or "precinct" where the Pandavas and Kauravas fought a religious war as told in the Bhagavad Gita section of the Mahabharata. In common parlance, kshetra may denote a place where there is a temple or where there is held to have been a person or event of sacred, religious or dharmic importance. As sacred precincts, both yantras and mandalas are kshetras.....Kshetra is also an etymon of the Avestan term Xšaθra "[Desirable] Dominion", which holds the semantic field "power" and is also a personal name for a divinity or immortal who comprises one of the Amesha Spentas of Zoroastrianism. Xšaθra or Shahrevar conquered that which was evil and annexing territory thus won, proffered it to the honest, peaceable and humble."......http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirtha_and_Kshetra

"The word "satrap" originates ultimately (via Ancient Greek and Latin) from Old Persian xšaçapāvan ("protector of the province"), from xšaça ("realm" or "province") and pāvan ("protector"). In Greek, the word was rendered as σατράπης, satrápēs (later borrowed into Latin as satrapes), from a Western Iranian cognate xšaθrapā(van). In modern Persian the descendant of xšaθrapāvan is شهربان (shahrbān), but the components have undergone semantic shift so the word now means "town keeper" (شهر "shahr", meaning "town", بان "bān" meaning "keeper").".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satrap

Sakyong .....meaning "earth protector".....earth: ས (sa).......protector (n): ཆོས་སྐྱོང (chos skyong).....

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DELPHI...in Greece...site of the sacred meteoric stone the Omphalos....An omphalos (ὀμφαλός) is a religious stone artifact, or baetylus.

EMESA...Black meteoric stone in Syria. See: Hawkes 1962..pg 194....A temple called the Elagabalium was built on the east face of the Palatine Hill, to house the holy stone of the Emesa temple, a black conical meteorite...ORCUS..."At Emesa in Syria there was a large black meteoric stone which bore the Phoenician name of Elagabalus. It was considered to be an image of the sun. The stone was moved to Rome to the site of the ancient Roman god Orcus, by Elagabalus." (Hawkes: 1962..pg 195)...

HYSTASPES...Oracle of Hystaspes. (Mithra as order-restorer in this Greek text)

MERV..."Manichaean center on the Amu Darya (Oxus). Also in Balkh and Zamm (Zamb)." (Litvinsky: 1992..pg 417)...

PALMYRA..."Palmyra was the center of Syrian sun worship. Razed by Aurelian in 272 AD. Temple of the Sun was restored in 274 AD. Was extremely influential to Rome."...(Hawkes: 1962..pg 190)...There had been a temple at Palmyra for 2000 years before the Romans ever saw it. Its form, a large stone-walled chamber with columns outside

ROQUEPERTUSE, Boches-du-Rhone...Celtic santuary 300 BC...

TARA...Meath, Ireland...Cicular temenos. Abandoned 600 AD. Stone of Fal.: sacred standing stone cries out when touched by the rightful king. site of the ancient kings of Ireland...the Lia Fail: a magical stone) stood there that was brought to Ireland by the Tuatha De Danann (legendary god-like people) 20 miles NW of Dublin...there are 70 know 'sheelas' (feminine fertility carvings) in Ireland...

TEL BRAK...temple in Eastern Syria (3500 BC). Staring divine eyes. (Gimbutas: 1989..pg 54)

ZAITUN...."A Manichean shrine at Hua-pi'o Hill near Zaitun in China houses the only known statue of Mani as the 'Buddha of Light'." (Acta: 1985...pg 418)...

CUZCO...the famed Sun temple at Cuzco...in southeastern Peru.....

AKHETAN...capital city of the Egyptian sun...

Harne Peak..in the Black Hills South Dakota (Black Elk)..Harney Peak is the site of the Sioux Native American Black Elk's "Great Vision" which he received when nine years old and the site to which he returned as an old man, accompanied by writer John Neihardt, who popularized the medicine man in his book Black Elk Speaks.

Gokart...(Elburz)...site of the Persian World tree....Alborz ( listen (help·info) Persian: البرز), also written as Alburz, Elburz or Elborz, is a mountain range in northern Iran stretching from the borders of Azerbaijan and Armenia in the northwest to the southern end of the Caspian Sea, and ending in the east at the borders of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. The highest mountain in West Asia, Mount Damavand, Amol, Mazandaran is located in the range....Zoroastrians may identify the range with the dwelling place of the Peshyotan, and the Zoroastrian Ilm-e-Kshnoom sect identify Mount Davamand as the home of the Saheb-e-Dilan ('Masters of the Heart'). In his epic Shahnameh, the poet Ferdowsi speaks of the mountains "as though they lay in India." This could reflect older usage, for numerous high peaks were given the name and some even reflect it to this day, for example, Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus Mountains, and Mount Elbariz (Albariz, Jebal Barez) in the Kirman area above the Straits of Hormuz. As recently as the 19th century, a peak in the northernmost range in the Hindu Kush system, just south of Balkh, was recorded as Mount Elburz in British army maps......http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alborz

Temple of Apollo...Island of Cos in Greece

Chaco Canyon...New Mexico..modern Pueblo people all trace their roots to Chaco Canyon, and consider it a sacred place.

Canyon De Chelly .....the Navajo who live in Canyon de Chelly have their own name for this sacred place: Tsaile (SAY-hi), which simply means “home.”

San Francisco Peaks in Arizona...The San Francisco Peaks have considerable religious significance to thirteen local American Indian tribes (including the Havasupai, Navajo, Hopi, and Zuni.) In particular, the peaks form the Navajo sacred mountain of the west, called Dook'o'oosłííd. The peaks are associated with the color yellow, and they are said to contain abalone inside, to be secured to the ground with a sunbeam, and to be covered with yellow clouds and evening twilight. They are gendered female......For the Hopi people, the San Francisco Peaks are associated with the cardinal direction southwest, constitute ritually pure sacred spaces, and are used as sources for ceremonial objects.....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Francisco_Peaks

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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….July 2014

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