Sunday, July 21, 2013

Kāśyapa Buddha (5th C. BC)


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"One day, instead of sermonizing, the Buddha held up a red flower. No one knew what to make of this. Then his favorite disciple Mahakasyapa smiled knowingly."......

"Zen legend says that one day on Vulture Peak, Shakyamuni Buddha preached a sermon not with words but by holding up a flower. Maha Kashyapa was the only one of Shakyamuni’s many disciples who grasped the true significance of this wordless teaching, which he expressed by a slight smile. Maha Kashyapa thereby inherited Shakyamuni’s robe and lineageas the second Zen ancestor...."....

"In Buddhist tradition, Kassapa (Pāli) is the name of a Buddha, the third of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa (the Bhaddakappa or 'Fortunate Aeon'), and the sixth of the six Buddhas prior to the historical Buddha mentioned in the earlier parts of the Pali Canon (D.ii.7). In the Buddhist texts in Sanskrit, this Buddha is known as Kāśyapa."...

"The Origin of Chan (Zen)—A Flower and a Smile 世尊拈花,迦葉微笑....... One day on the Spiritual Mountain (a.k.a. Vulture Peak), an assembly gathered to hear the Buddha’s Dharma talk. However, on that occasion, Buddha simply held up a flower offered by the Brahma King and gazed at the assembly, without saying a word. No one understood the meaning except Mahakashyapa, who broke into a smile. Thereupon the Buddha said, “I have the true Eye of the Dharma, the profound Mind of Nirvana, the Reality transcending all forms; the supreme and subtle teaching, inexpressible by words and speech; this mind seal outside of scriptures, I now transmit to Mahakashyapa.” Mahakashyapa later became known as the first Patriarch of Zen.".....

"Mahakashyapa transmitted the mind seal to the second Patriarch Ananda, and on down to Bodhidharma, the 28th Zen Patriarch of India.....Sometimes affectionately called “The Red-Bearded Barbarian,” Bodhidharma has also become a favorite subject of Chinese and Japanese art.....Tradition has Bodhidharma depicted as a "blue-eyed Barbarian". Due to Caucasian migrations, blue eyes were not uncommon in Central Asia. This depiction may refer to the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism from north-west India and Central Asia to China. But it may also refer to Central Asia, including the Tarim Basin, the Kingdom of Khotan, and the Tocharians..... a monk of the Western Region named Bodhidharma, a Persian Central Asian.."...

In addition to Kassapa Buddha, the other four Buddhas of the present Kalpa... Kakusandha Buddha.....He is known in Sanskrit as Krakucchanda, and in Tibetan as Khorvadjig......Kakusandha Buddha was born in Khemavati (now Gotihawa), in Kapilavastu District, in the Lumbini Zone of Nepal...The name of his father was Aggidatta, who was a Brahmin priest of the king Khemankara of Khemavati.
Konagamana Buddha..... the second of the five Buddhas of the present era
Gautama Buddha...Śākyamuni....A native of the ancient Shakya republic in the Himalayan foothills, Gautama taught primarily in northeastern India...circa 563 BCE to 483 BCE.
Maitreya Buddha...Maitreya will appear on Earth when the Dharma will have been forgotten on Jambudvipa.

Mitra (Proto-Indo-Iranian, nominative *Mitras) was an important Indo-Iranian divinity. Following the prehistoric cultural split of Indo-Aryan and Iranian cultures, names descended from *mitra were used for the following religious entities:
Mitra (Vedic) (Sanskrit Mitrá-, Mitráḥ), a deity who appears frequently in the ancient Sanskrit text of the Rigveda
Mithra (Avestan Miθra-, Miθrō), a yazata mentioned in the Zoroastrian sacred scripture of the Avesta, whose New Persian equivalent is Mīhr / Mehr (مِهر)
Maitreya, a bodhisattva who in the Buddhist tradition is to appear on Earth, achieve complete enlightenment, and teach the pure Dharma
Mithras, the principal figure of the Greco-Roman religion of Mithraism

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John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….July 2013


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