Thursday, January 10, 2013

Rigden King Suchandra of Shambala (878 BC)


Click Here to View the Main Index


"Kings of Shambhala......According to Buddhist legend, the first 'notable' king of Shambhala, King Suchandra (or Chandrabhadra, Tib. Dawa Sangpo), was the one who requested teaching from the Buddha that would allow him to practice the dharma without renouncing his worldy enjoyments and responsibilities. In response to his request, the Buddha gave the first Kalachakra root tantra. By practicing the Kalachakra the whole of Shambhala became an enlightened society, with Suchandra as the ruler. He was followed by an additional six Dharmarajas (Truth Kings). His eighth successor, Manjushrikirti, was the first to be known as the Kulika King, to be followed by 24 more leading up to the present day.".... 1 The 7 Dharmarajas:
2 The 25 Kulika (Rigden) kings
3 The Kulikas and the Dalai Lama
4 The Lineage of Sakyong Kings
The 7 Dharmarajas
1) King Suchandra/Chandrabhadra (Tib. - chos rgyal zla ba bzang po) (Chogyal Dawa Sangpo) - Suchandra, c. 900 to 876 BC)

The Seven Dharmarajas (Tib. Chogyal)...Seven "SHAKYA" kings of Shambhala

Historical Buddha....about 563 BC - 483 BC.....Born in Lumbini or Kapilavastu (today in Nepal), Died (aged 80) Kushinagar (today in Uttar Pradesh, India)......Buddha was born in a royal Hindu family to King Śuddhodana, the leader of Shakya clan, whose capital was Kapilavastu, and who were later annexed by the growing Kingdom of Kosala during the Buddha's lifetime....Gautama was famously seated under a pipal tree—now known as the Bodhi tree—in Bodh Gaya, India, when he vowed never to arise until he had found the truth. Kaundinya and four other companions, believing that he had abandoned his search and become undisciplined, left. After a reputed 49 days of meditation, at the age of 35, he is said to have attained Enlightenment....525 BC.....

1) Suchandra, (sometimes wrongly Sanskritized as "Chandrabhadra," )
Tibetan: Dawa Sangpo, Zla-ba bZang po,
Old Iranian:

In Tibetan culture and Sherpa culture, Dawa (Tibetan: ཟླཝ, Wylie: zlawa; also written Tibetan: ཟླབ, Wylie: zlaba) is a word meaning "moon" or "month". It is often used as a name for children born on a Monday. The name can be given to either a girl or a boy. Other people in the Himalayan region such as the Ladakhis, the Sikkimese of Northeast India and the Bhutanese people also use the name Dawa in the same sense as the Tibetans.

King Suchandra (sometimes wrongly Sanskritized as "Chandrabhadra," Tib. Dawa Sangpo)

(Tib. Dawa Sangpo) c. 900 to 876 BC. "Note: the Kalachakra calculations put the life of Shakyamuni Buddha quite a bit earlier than is generally accepted, and the Tibetans produced a number of divergent calculations of the dates given here. Also, many of the names of the kings are often wrongly Sanskritized (back-translated from the Tibetan) in Western publications."...

..Dawa Zangpo was the first of the seven "SHAKYA" kings of Shambhala.(Bryant:Wheel of Time Sand Mandala)...

Sucandra died two years after receiving the Kalachakra teachings. The six religious Kings of Shambhala were descended from the Shakya clan......

"The father of Sucandra was Shakya Shambha" ( 285)......

"King Dawa Zangpo (Sucandra) (Zla-ba bZang po) (Lord of Humanity)..(Kongtrul: 276)...

"King Suchandra compiled the Kalachakra Tantra in its long form, said to be 12,000 stanza. This version no longer being extant. Suchandra was from Shambhala, near the Tarim river." (Hopkins 60)

Shakya and Shaka notes....The Shakas (Old Iranian: Saka, Sacae nomads, Scythians) In c.130, the Graeco-Bactrian kingdom came to an end: the from the north, the shakas who had often made incursions, broke through, during the reign of King Menandros, conquered Bactria. There, the Shakas turned to Buddhism.

"According to Indian and Tibetan legend, King Suchandra (Tib. Dawa Sangpo) of the northeastern Indian Kingdom of Shambhala was the one who requested teaching from the Buddha that would allow him to practice the dharma without renouncing his worldly enjoyments and responsibilities. In response to his request, the Buddha gave the first Kalachakra tantra initiation....Along with King Suchandra, 96 minor kings and emissaries from Shambhala are also said to have received the teachings......King Suchandra wrote down the Kalachakra teachings he received, composing the 12,000-verse "Mula" or root text, which has not survived. He also built a huge three-dimensional Kalachakra mandala in the center of the kingdom. Suchandra is said to have died only two years after receiving the teachings. The six kings who followed him were known as "dharmarajas" or "truth kings," and each is said to have reigned for over 100 years. The twenty-five rulers that follow them are known as Kalki kings......"...

"It is reported that in the year after buddha Shakyamuni attained Enlightenment,he was asked by King Chandrabhadra of Shambhala to teach the Kalachakra Tantra.The Buddha manifested himself in the form of the Kalachakra meditational deity and gave the full teachings and initiation of this tantra.The kalachakra teaching was then transmitted through a lineage of seven kings and 25 propagators."....

"The commentary on the Kalachakra-tantra [probably the first commentary on the Kalachakra-tantra by Chandrabhadra, the king of Shambhala and the first recipient of this teaching] says: One should not buy meat, nor should one offer animals in sacrifice to the gods and ancestral spirits. For the Buddha never allowed "marked meat" to be eaten. And by "marked meat" he meat the flesh of animals that have been killed and purchased for food, as well as animals marked for sacrifice.".....

Tapassu and Bhallika, the first two disciples of Buddha. There are two stupas over their relics. As per a popular legend, Buddhism was introduced in Balkh by Bhallika, one of the first two disciples of Buddha....He was a merchant of the region and had come to Bodhgaya. First Vihara at Balkh was built for Bhallika when he returned home after becoming a Buddhist monk.

"Tapassu and Bhallika.... [Tapassu] and his friend, Bhalluka (Bhalliya), while on their way to Rajagaha, saw the Buddha at the foot of the Rajayatana tree, in the eighth week after the Enlightenment. Urged by a deity, who had been their relation [their mother], they offered the Buddha rice-cakes and honey in a bowl provided by the Four Regent Gods. They became the first lay disciples of the Buddha, and their formula of Refuge contained no reference to the Sangha. According to the Theragatha Commentary, Tapassu and Bhalluka were brothers, sons of a caravan leader of Pokkharavati. Some time later they visited the Buddha at Rajagaha, where he preached to them; Tapassu, thereupon, became a Sotapanna, while Bhaluka entered the Order and became an arahant...."....

Some writers locate Kamsabhoga in Bahlika (Bactria), while others identify Asitanjana with Pokkharavati (Sanskrit Pushkalavat) and locate it to the north of river Kabul and to the south of Hindukush mountain range in the Gandhara-Kamboja area.

Theragatha Commentary (Vol i.48) informs that the birthplace or residence of Tapassu and Bhalluka (or Bhaliya) was Pokkharavati in Ukkala. The sons of the caravan leader (Satthavaha) started journey from Pokkharavati and their destination was Rajagaha (Rajagriha), and according to the Jataka, they on their way to Majjhimadesa (middle India), where they had met and offered food to the Buddha and become his first lay devotees

Ukkala (or Okkala) is the ancient name of Orissa. The Mahabharata mentions the Ukkalas several times in the lists of ancient tribes. But Ukkala of the Buddhist texts which is co-related with names like Asitanjana, Adhisthana, Pokkharavati and Kamsabhoga (said to be native country of caravan leaders Tapassu and Bhalluka, specifically placed in Uttarapatha), therefore, must be located not to the east but to the west of Prithudaka (or Pehova). The territory therefore, inevitably tends to get connected to Pali Pokkharavati (Sanskrit Pushkalavati), which is now known as Charasaddha and is located in north-west frontier province of Pakistan above the confluence of Swat and Kabul rivers.

".....most historians in the early 20th century dated his lifetime as circa 563 BCE to 483 BCE, but more recent opinion dates his death to between 486 and 483 BCE or, according to some, between 411 and 400 BCE.However, at a specialist symposium on this question held in 1988 in Göttingen, the majority of those scholars who presented definite opinions gave dates within 20 years either side of 400 BCE for the Buddha's death......563 BC - 483 BC

Suchandra and all the buddhas And the students of the gurus Offered their beautiful wives, And cherished sons, and daughters, And always-desirable things. Here in the Kaalachakra Tantra the supplicator is King Suchandra. The requestor and supplicator is King Suchandra, the ruler the city of Kaalaapa in the country of Shambhala, extruded from the womb of the lovely Nampar Gyalma, the goddess of his father king Nyima'i.

"There is little recorded history of Shambhala prior to Sucandra. His father was Suryaprabha and his mother was Vijaya. The dynasty belongs to the same Shakya line as Shakayamuni. " (Newman, 1985)

Shambhala Lineage Thangka....The first Sakyong, Trungpa Rinpoche and garuda surrounded by Rigden Kings and

Suchandra, Dawa Zangpo (878-876 BC?) "Good Moon" (Tibetan)

In 878 BC he constructed a three dimensional mandala of Kalachakra


The sons of dharmaraaja Suchandra are the wrathful dharmaraajas....(The sources are silent about the careers of the next six kings of Shambhala. We are told that they each reigned for 100 years each...Suchandra's 6 successors, dharmaraajas 2-7 are:

2) Devendra (Tib. Lhayi Wang) (876-776 BC) - Fond of Sentient Beings...Lhawang........Suresvara, Sureshvara, Suresha [lha'i dbang ldan]...In 887 BC the second dharmaraja aascended to the lion throne.....Devendra, Lhayi Wang (876-776) Fond of Sentient Beings, Fusion of the Supreme

3) Tejasvin (Tib. Ziji Chän) (776-676 BC) Bearer of the Dharma Wheel and the Auspicious Conch....Ziji Chang......Teji, Tejin, [zi brjid can].......Ziji Chen.....Tejasvin,Taji Ziji Chän

4) Somadatta (Tib. Dawä Jin) (676-576) Lord of Speakers....Dawe Chin....Somadatta [zla bas sbyin]...Chandradatta/Somadatta, Dawä Jin

5) Deveshvara/Sureshvara (Tib. Lhaji Wangchug) (576-476) Destroyer of the City of Delusion...Lhayi Zuk....Sureshvara, Suresvara II [lha'i dbang phyug]

6) Vishvamurti (Tib. Natshog Zug) (476-376) Conqueror of False Leaders, Holding a Lotus....Natsok Zuk.....Vishvamurtti, Visvamurti [sna tshogs gzugs]....Chitrarupa/Vishvamurti

7) Sureshana (Tib. Lhayi Wangdän) (376-276) Cutter of Delusion, Uprooter of Karma and Klesha....Lhayi Wangden...Sureshana."Hidden Omnipresent One (Khyab jug sbas pa) was the 7th Chieftan of Shambhala. Fifty One years after he ascended the lion throne of the Kingdom of Shambhala, the 1800 year period of barbarism will begin."(Kongtrul: 163)...."the 7th King of Shambhala was called King Yashas, 'the Renowned', predicted the coming of the 'barbarian dharma' after 800 years." (Bryant: 71)...

"The seventh Dharma King of Shambhala, Sureshana and his queen Vishvamata gave birth to a son who was to leave his mark on the subswequent history of Shambhala. He was called Yashas,,,"the Renowned".
Devesha/Sureshana, Lhayi Wangdän (or Päldän?) (376-276) Cutter of Delusion, Uprooter of Karma and Klesha

"Suchandra reigned as the king of Shambhala, a legendary kingdom somewhere to the north of India. He did not travel alone to be initiated in Dhanyakataka, but was accompanied by a courtly retinue of 96 generals, provincial kings and governors. After the initiation he took the tantra teaching back with him to his empire (Shambhala) and made it the state religion there; according to other reports, however, this only happened after seven generations...For centuries the Tibetan lamas have deliberately mystified the wonderland.....

"It seems as if the legend of Shambhala was at least partially inspired by the Xiongnu Empire which stretched from Mongolia to Central Asia (indeed north of Tian Shan and the several "White Rivers"). I wonder if Chandra Bhadra (a.k.a. Suchandra, Skt. "Auspicious Moon") was actually translation of a name or phonetic rendering of the title of the Xiongnu Emperor Shanyu Baghatur (Chanyu Batyr). Baghatur Tengri is Mongolian god of victory, while in Altaic mythology there is such celestial hero (Batyr) similar to Mithra called Mangdyshire whose name is clearly derived from that of Manjushri. In a Bon text cited by Kuznetsov the supreme deity Bumkhri Sangspo is identified with alternative name of Manjushrighosha - same as that of the first Kulika king - contemporary of Shanyu Mode (= Turk. Baghatur/Batyr). ".....Posted by Ardavarz to Shamis-en-balkh and Historical Shambhala

'I call out to all lineage Masters past and present, Especially the original seven Shambala Masters, And the twenty-five Kalkins of Shambala. Especially I call to Suchandra, who first received this king of tantras, And to Pundarika, who wrote the extensive commentary. By the power of the auspicious qualities of these Masters, May all of our hindrances and imperfections fade away And goodness and joy increase like the waxing moon, Giving rise to a festival of wonder and glory.
From 'An aspiration to fulfil the stages of the glorious Kalachakra path' by the first Panchen Lama, translation Glenn Mullin


John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….January 2013



No comments:

Post a Comment