Agvan Dorjiev (1854–1938)...Agvan Lobsan Dorzhiev, also Agvan Dorjiev or Dorjieff and Agvaandorj (1854–1938), was a Russian-born monk of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism, sometimes referred by his scholarly title as Tsenyi Khempo.....He was a study partner and close associate of the 13th Dalai Lama, a minister of his government, and his diplomatic link with the Russian Empire. ....In early 1898 Dorzhiev went to Saint Petersburg "to collect subscriptions for his monastic college" and became friendly with Prince Esper Ukhtomsky, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Tsar and orientalist. Dorzhiev was presented to the Tsar. Dorzhiev then went on to Paris and possibly London before returning to Lhasa....By the 1890s Dorzhiev had begun to spread the story that Russia was the mythical land of Shambhala to the north....In 1901, Thubten Chökyi Nyima, the Ninth Panchen Lama (1883–1937), was visited by Agvan Dorzhiev. Although Dorzhiev only stayed for two days at Tashilhunpo, he received some secret teachings from the Panchen Lama, as well as readings of the Prayer of Shambhala, written by Lobsang Palden Yeshe, the Sixth (or Third) Panchen Lama, concerning the Buddhist kingdom of Shambhala, which were of great importance to Dorzhiev's developing understanding of the Kalachakra ('Wheel of Time') tantric teachings. Choekyi Nyima also gave Dorzhiev gifts including some golden statues......A lama named Ulyanov published a book that same year attempting to prove that the Romanovs were directly descended from Sucandra, a legendary king of Shambhala.....The Japanese monk Ekai Kawaguchi travelled in Tibet from July 4, 1900 to June 15, 1902. He reported in his Three Years in Tibet that Dorzhiev "circulated a pamphlet in which he argued that the Russian Tsar was about to fulfil the old Buddhist messianic myth of Shambhala by founding a great Buddhist empire......
Lobsang Palden Yeshe (1738–1780) (Tibetan: བློ་བཟང་གྤལ་ལྡན་ཡེ་ཤེས་་, Wylie: Blo-bzang Gpal-ldan Ye-shes, ZYPY: Lobsang Baidain Yêxê) was the Sixth Panchen Lama of Tashilhunpo Monastery in Tibet. Lobsang Palden Yeshe was the elder stepbrother of the 10th Shamarpa, Mipam Chödrup Gyamtso (1742–1793)......He also had dealings with Lama Changkya Hutukhtu, Counsellor of the Emperor of China and chief advisor on Tibetan affairs, about speculations that the Chinese god of war and patron of the Chinese dynasty, Guandi (Kuan-ti), was identical with Gesar, the hero of Tibet's main epic story, who was prophesied to return from Shambhala to Tibet to help it when the country and Buddhism were in difficulties. Others believed Guandi/Gesar was an incarnation of the Panchen Lama. Palden Yeshe wrote a half-mystical book about the road to Shambhala, the Prayer of Shambhala, incorporating real geographical features....Stein, R. A. (1972) Tibetan Civilization, pp. 88-89. Stanford University Press.
Nikolai Gumilyov......In the early 1900s, Europe was discussing ancient petroglyphs – writings found by famous Russian poet Nikolai Gumilyov on the rocks of Karelia. As many representatives of Russian intelligentsia, Gumilyov was interested in history and geography and enjoyed traveling. In 1904 he explored Kuzovsky archipelago on the White Sea. He heard about Stone Book that allegedly contained information about ancient times and clues to the location of the mysterious Mu country where the ancestors of the Northern and, probably, Slavic tribes came from. The first mentioning of Mu goes back to the 4th century BC. The texts said it was located to the West of Egyptian Kingdom and could be reached by water. The place was sad to have a sanctuary of Ra, god of the sun. Captions to pictures mentioned a huge lake where a sea path led.....Nikolay Gumilev, Anna Akhmatova and their son Lev Gumilev, 1913...Lev Gumilev belonged to the old Russian intelligentsia. His father, Nikolai Gumilev, was a prominent poet of the Silver Age and a victim of Bolshevik terror. His mother, Anna Akhmatova, was one of the greatest Russian women poets. Lev Gumilev's ties with the old intelligentsia led to frequent imprisonments from the 1920s to the 1950s in Josef Stalin's Gulag (prison camp system).......http://www.answers.com/topic/lev-gumilev#ixzz2JBSRpYvM
Alexander Barchenko... (Russian: Александр Васильевич Барченко; 1881, Yelets — April, 1938) was a Russian biologist and researcher of anomalous phenomena from St. Petersburg. In 1904 Barchenko attended the medical faculty of Kazan University, but then entered Yuryev University (today Tartu University). He is known first and foremost for his researchings of Hyperborea in Russian Far East region. He was shot in Moscow on April 25, 1938.....Barchenko also found friends in Soviet academia. With such backing, during 1921-22, he led an expedition to the remote Kola Peninsula, north of the Arctic Circle, where he found ancient petroglyphs and megalithic structures.18 This reinforced his belief in an advanced prehistoric civilisation linked to mysterious Shambhala. ....As early as 1920, Barchenko sought permission to mount a “scientific-propagandistic” expedition into Mongolia and Tibet to search for “Red Shambhala.” Recovery of its ancient science and wisdom, he argued, would expand Moscow’s influence throughout Asia. This early lobbying came to naught, though it may have influenced Moscow to dispatch two Baltic sailors, Barchenko’s former “pupils,” on a secret mission to Tibet in the early 20s."....http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/Article/Red_Star_Over_Shambhala.html
Ja-Lama, an “avenging lama” fond of spilling blood during his tantra rituals.....Ja Lama (Mongolian: Жа Лама, also known as Dambiijantsan, Mongolian: Дамбийжанцан or Dambiijaa, Mongolian: Дамбийжаа, (1862–1922)) was an adventurer of unknown birth and background who posed as a Buddhist lama, though it is not clear whether he actually was one....Ja Lama let it be known everywhere that he was going to free the Mongols from the rule of China. The Mongols noted that Ja Lama possessed a cap to which a golden Kalacakran vajra was affixed, instead of a button as common among Mongols. He quickly mobilized his own force and joined the 5,000 Mongols from the Khovd Province. This force, led by Ja Lama, the Generals Magsarjav and Damdinsüren[disambiguation needed], and the Jalkhanz Khutagt, liberated the town of Uliastai, in May the town of Ulaangom, and in August Khovd, where Chinese garrisons were stationed, declaring their unity with the newly founded Mongolian state.
Nicholas Roerich, the Russian painter who, driven by his otherworldly Master and blackmailed by the Bolshevik secret police, posed as a reincarnation of the Dalai Lama to unleash religious war in Tibet...Nikolai Roerich also thought that mysterious land of Mu was located in the North of Russia. The source discovered by Roerich talked about Phoebus, the Aryans leader. Phoebus (Sun in Greek) was considered a god. According to a legend he was the arch-father of all Aryans and had a gift of eternal life....Nikolai Roerich thought that the land of Mu was the sacred land of Shambhala where the Aryan god was headed and which he had searched for his entire life.
Gleb Bokii, the Bolshevik secret police commissar who tried to use Buddhist techniques to conjure the ideal human...Gleb Ivanovich Bokii (Глеб Иванович Бокий, 1879 - 1937) was an ethnic Ukrainian Communist political activist and revolutionary in the Russian Empire. Following the October Revolution of 1917, Bokii became a leading member of the Cheka, the Soviet secret police. From 1921 through 1934, Bokii was the head of the so-called "special department" of the Soviet secret police apparatus, believed to have been in charge of the Soviet Union's concentration camp system. He remained a top level functionary in the secret police apparatus until his sudden arrest in May 1937 as part of the Great Terror. Following an extended investigation, Bokii was given a summary trial and executed in November of that same year.
"In September 1925, a humble Muslim pilgrim crossed the Pamir passes into British-controlled Kashmir. In fact, the pilgrim was Yakov Blumkin who was on his way to even more remote Ladakh to rendezvous with an expedition led by Nicholas Roerich. Roerich’s aim was to enter Tibet and contact Shambhala. However, soon after crossing the frontier, tribal police seized Blumkin. Apparently, someone had tipped-off the British. The crafty chekist soon gave his captors the slip, and assuming a new guise as a Mongol lama, pressed on towards Roerich.".....http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/Article/Red_Star_Over_Shambhala.html
Andrei Znamenski’s Red Shambhala: Magic, Prophesy, and Geopolitics in the Heart of Asia.
"On his way across the wastes of Mongolia in 1921, Ferdinand Ossendowski witnessed some strange behaviour on the part of his Mongol guides. Stopping their camels in the middle of nowhere, they began to pray in great earnestness while a strange hush fell over the animals and everything around. The Mongols later explained that this ritual happened whenever “the King of the World in his subterranean palace prays and searches out the destiny of all people on Earth...Ossendowski learned that this King of the World was ruler of a mysterious, but supposedly very real, kingdom, “Agharti.”......Ferdinand Ossendowski, Beasts, Men and Gods (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1922), 300.
Kuznetsov & Gumilev...(Leningrad University)..."The Country Shambhala in Legend and History"....Russian Journal: Aziya i Afrika Segod Nya (1968: Number 5)
Kuznetsov, B.I...."Highest Deities of the Tibetan Bon Religion"...Tibet Journal:#6
Kuznetsov, B.I.and Lev Gumilyev..."Two Traditions of Ancient Tibetan Cartography"...Soviet Geography:New York Geographic Society (Sept: 1970)
B. I. Kuznetsov and L. N. Gumilev, 'Bon, the ancient Tibetan religion',
Eremian, Suren Tigranovich .....Born Mar. 28 (Apr. 10), 1908, in Tbilisi. Soviet historian...worked at the Oriental Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Leningrad from 1935 and at the Institute of History of the AN ArmSSR from 1941. Once the director of the institute, Eremian now heads the division of ancient and medieval history; he is a specialist in the ancient and medieval history of Armenia and the entire Transcaucasus. His basic works are devoted to the question of the ethnogenesis of the Armenians, to the history of cities, and to problems of the periodization of the history of the Transcaucasian peoples, of socioeconomic and political history, and of historical geography and cartography.....Eremian, Suren. Reconstructed map of Central Asia from ‘Ashharatsuyts’.
"During 1925-1926, Nicolas Roerich made extensive tours between Khotan and Kashmir, in search of the kingdom of Shambhala, at the behest of Russia and the United States of America. The British did not lag behind and they asked Lord Gorzon, the Viceroy of India to sponsor the travels of Aurel Stein into the Central Asia. From his base camp at Mohand Marg, Kangan, Kashmir he conducted the most daring and adventurous raids in 1900, 1906, 1913 and 1930 upon the ancient Silk Road Outworldly, the purpose of this and further expeditions was to collect art treasures, manuscripts and curios for the British Museum, London but the hidden object search of the hidden land of Shambhala. Hearing about the treasure hunting activities of Aurel Stein, France and Japan also joined in such ventures and deputed Paul Pelliot and Count Otani into Central Asian region.".....http://fidahassnain.myasa.net/2010/12/shambhala-and-kashmir/
John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….January 2013