Saturday, August 10, 2013

Shiva, Shiwa, Shenlha Okar & Mt Kailash


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The Sanskrit word Shiva (Devanagari: शिव, śiva).....The root word śi means the auspicious. In simple English transliteration it is written either as Shiva or Siva.....The Sanskrit word śaiva means "relating to the god Shiva", and this term is the Sanskrit name both for one of the principal sects of Hinduism and for a member of that sect. It is used as an adjective to characterize certain beliefs and practices, such as Shaivism. He is the oldest worshipped Lord of India.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama at the Gupt-Ganga Shiva Temple in Srinagar, J&K state, India, on 17 July 2012/Photo/Tenzin Choejor/OHHDL

"Shiva (Śiva, /ˈʃɪvə/, meaning " The Auspicious One "), also commonly known as Mahadeva (meaning " The Great God "), is considered the Supreme God within Shaivism..... a prominent Vedic Hindu deity, Shiva's importance in Indian religion may have pre-dated the Vedic period..... In the Vedic epic Mahabharata, Lord Krishna declares Himself as a great devotee of Lord Shiva and refers to Lord Shiva as the Brahman, Maheshwar (the Great God), Parameshwar (the Supreme God) and Paramatman (the Supreme Soul). Shiva is commonly also known by one of these names: Mahesh, Shankar, Shambhu, Har, Trilochan, Devendra (meaning Chief of the Gods) and Trilokinath (meaning Lord of the three realms)."..... Sailen Debnath, The Meanings of Hindu Gods, Goddesses and Myths, ISBN 9788129114815, Rupa & Co., New Delhi

"Shiva's form: Shiva has a Trident in the right lower arm, with a crescent moon on his head. He is said to be fair like camphor or like an ice clad mountain........Shiva is also described as having no particular form, idols of human form are generally not used to worship Him. The Shiva Linga is merely a sign or mark of the presence of the Divine, The Almighty Shiva, and and is therefore used as His representation for performing religious rites....He is often shown seated upon a tiger skin, an honour reserved for the most accomplished of Hindu ascetics, the Brahmarishis. Tiger represents lust. His sitting on the tiger’s skin indicates that He has conquered lust.".....

"Shiva is described as an omniscient yogi, who lives an ascetic life on Mount Kailash.....Mount Kailash in the Himalayas is his traditional abode. In Hindu mythology, Mount Kailāsa is conceived as resembling a Linga, representing the center of the universe........The Gaṇas (Devanagari: गण) are attendants of Shiva and live in Kailash........The mountain is known as Kailāsa (कैलास) in Sanskrit. The word may be derived[citation needed] from the word kēlāsa (केलास) which means "crystal". In his Tibetan-English dictionary, Chandra (1902: p. 32) identifies the entry for 'kai la sha' (Tibetan: ཀཻ་ལ་ཤ, Wylie: kai la sha) which is a loan word from Sanskrit 'kailāsa' (Devanagari: कैलास)....Another local name for the mountain is Tisé (Tibetan: ཏི་སེ་) mountain, which derives from ti tse in the Zhang-Zhung language, meaning "water peak" or "river peak", connoting the mountain's status as the source of the mythical Lion, Horse, Peacock and Elephant Rivers, and in fact the Indus, Yarlung Tsangpo/Dihang/Brahmaputra, Karnali and Sutlej all begin in the Kailash-Lake Manasarovar region."....Zimmer, Heinrich (1946). Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-01778-6. First Princeton-Bollingen printing, 1972.

"The cult of Lord Shiva became popular in Central Asia through the Hephthalite (White Hun) Dynasty. The cult was popular in 500 C.E. Shaivism was popular in Sogdiana and Eastern Turkestan as found from the wall painting from Penjikent on the river Zervashan. In this depiction, Shiva is portrayed with a sacred halo and a sacred thread ("Yajnopavita"). He is clad in tiger skin while his attendants are wearing Sodgian dress. In Eastern Turkestan in the Taklamakan Desert. There is a depiction of his four-legged seated cross-legged n a cushioned seat supported by two bulls.Another panel form Dandan-Uilip shows Shiva in His Trimurti form with His Shakti kneeling on her right thigh.".....Buddhism in Central Asia by B.N. Puri

"Shiva means "the One who is eternally pure".....Shiva's role as the primary deity of Shaivism is reflected in his epithets Mahādeva ("Great God"; mahā "Great" and deva "god").......Maheśvara ("Great Lord"; mahā "great" and īśvara "lord"), and Parameśvara ("Supreme Lord")."

"Sailen Debnath traces the origin of Shiva to the pre-Aryan period."....Sailen Debnath, The Meanings of Hindu Gods, Goddesses and Myths

"The Vedas state Lord Agni is a manifestation of Lord Rudra. The Shivalinga is said to be a pillar of fire and in the Indus Valley it was indeed used as a fire altar. Also, one of Lord Shiva's thousand names is Tanunpat meaning "fire god." .....Shaiva is an avatar of Agni (The God Agni Becomes Agasthya) The Agni Purana is a Shaivite text.....The tantric Shaiva tradition consists of the Kapalikas, Kashmir Shaivism and Shaiva Siddhanta.

"....Drum: A small drum shaped like an hourglass is known as a damaru (Sanskrit: ḍamaru).This is one of the attributes of Shiva in his famous dancing representation known as Nataraja. A specific hand gesture (mudra) called ḍamaru-hasta (Sanskrit for "ḍamaru-hand") is used to hold the drum. This drum is particularly used as an emblem by members of the Kāpālika sect......

"Without going into the definition of Hinduism, consider the main deity of Bon. He is Shiwa Okar ( living in Mount Kailash by Mansarovar. Does that sounds familiar? It is because the main 'Bon' deity is none other than Shiva Omkar living in Kailash by Mansarovar. "......

The 360 Werma Deities dwell in Mt Kailas.

According to Hinduism, Lord Shiva, the destroyer of ignorance and illusion, resides at the summit of a legendary mountain named Kailāsa, where he sits in a state of perpetual meditation along with his wife Maa Parvati, .....

"According to the indigenous Tibetan Swastika Bon religion, Mount Kailash and Manasarovar are the holy lands, which are consecrated by its founder Thonpa Shenrab Miwo and where he lived, taught and disseminated the religion. Shenrab Miwo predicted that there would be established nine orders of Bon schools near Mount Kailash and Manasarovar. Ever since, Bon believers have considered Mount Kailash and Manasarovar to be the foundation of their religion. The prehistoric Bon is believed to have flourished all over the country during the period of the Shang Shung kingdom of Tibet. Eventually, Bon practitioners established monasteries and retreat centers, so the teachings of Thonpa Shenrab Miwo have been transmitted down through the Bon lineage.".....


John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….August 2013


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