Saturday, October 18, 2014

Marici: Öser Chenma, Goddess of Great Light.....Part Two

Marici: Öser Chenma, Goddess of Great Light.....Part Two


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The origins of Marici are obscure; however, she appears to be an amalgamation of Indic, Iranian and non-Indo-Iranian antecedents.......her origins are obscure, but she believed to be an amalgamation of Hindu, Iranian, and Non-Aryan antecedents

Marichi Painting by the 10th Karmapa, Choying Dorje..... "the tenth Karmapa was born in the Golok region, in the far northeast of Tibet. He was recognized and enthroned by Shamar Chokyi Wangchuk, from whom he received the full Kagyu transmission......By the age of six, he was a better painter than his teachers, as well as a gifted sculptor. Chöying Dorje anticipated the wars and political strife that were soon to come, realizing that certain political interests in Tibet would enlist the Mongol armies in the Gelugpa cause. Knowing he would be forced out of central Tibet by the political strife, the tenth Karmapa gave away most of his wealth to the poor and appointed Goshir Gyaltsab his regent....he spent more than three years living in the wilds of Bhutan.....Twenty some years passed before he could return to his homeland... the political landscape in Tibet had changed for good.....the fifth Dalai Lama, had become the official ruler of Tibet...."....

"Toward the end of 1673, at Nagdrak Monastery, the Tenth Karma produced one of his last works of art, a white-sandalwood statue of Mārīcī riding a pig, for his wife, Norbu Zangpo's mother. Around 1674, he fell ill at Drak and passed away."....


India: Marici is a deva associated with light and the sun....Marici is a Sanskrit name for girls meaning Ray of Light.......Images of her are common in India, but there are few examples in China and Japan.....Brahmā, the first-born living being, went along with Marīci and other sages to the place of Kardama’s hermitage, which was surrounded by the River Sarasvatī.....Marichi Temple is a Hindu and Buddhist temple located in Ajodhya, Baleswar, Odisha, India....The temple houses many Tantra-, Jainism- and Buddhism-related images dating back to the late 11th century. ...The central icon in is worshiped as Durga and closely seeing the image is a Mahayana goddess Marichi. The Marichi image is flanked by two goddesses.

Marici.....Bihar, 9th century ......Indian Museum, Calcutta......By the time this statue was made, Mahayana Buddhism had elaborated an almost endless set of deities......Marici is a fierce emanation of Tara, and the initial impression is of a Durga-like goddess with multiple arms and weapons to defend the faith, conquer ignorance, and the like. Her stance, with one leg cocked sideways and the other extended, is also like Durga's......Marici has four heads, in common with many Mahayana deities. Only three are visible, but another, looking backwards, is implied by the goddess' four pairs of arms. The base of this magnificent Pala sculpture links Marici to Surya as well as to Durga: her charioteer drives seven lions (the lion is Durga's vehicle), corresponding to Surya's seven horses.

Japan: Marishi-ten ... a solar deity of light and the heavens and a tutelary deity of the warrior class who is revered in many schools of Buddhism....An important deity in the Shingon and Tendai schools, Marici was adopted by the Bujin or Samurai in the 8th century CE as a protector and patron.......devotions to Marici predate Zen...Samurai would invoke Marici at sunrise to achieve victory.... Since Marici means "light" or mirage, she was invoked to escape the notice of one's enemies..........she was also later worshipped in the Edo period as a goddess of wealth and prosperity by the merchant class, alongside Daikoku-ten (大黒天) and Benzaiten (弁財天) as part of a trio of "three deities" (santen 三天)."....she is the consort of Dainichi Nyorai and is the harbinger of Dainichi, associated with the blinding rays and fire of the rising sun

Tibet: 'Odzer Canma, "Woman Endowed with Rays of Light" (Wylie: 'od zer can ma). ...light: འོད ('od) light; shine; brightness, splendor; radiance; illumination; spread the light; lustre; come to hear; effulgence; brilliance......zer: ray; beam; shaft of light....Oser Chenma is a yidam (personal deity), the physical symbol of the influence of the gods. The chariot pulled by pigs that she rides, and the tree that she holds were once the home of a demon she vanquished. ....Marichi, Kalpoktam (Tibetan: o zer chen ma, English: the One Having Light Rays), Goddess of the Dawn.

Chinese Taoism: Dǒumǔ Yuánjūn....Dou Mu...Queen of Heaven ( Tiān Hòu)...the Goddess of Beidou.....the mother of the Nine Emperor Gods who are represented by the nine stars in the Beidou constellation......A chinese inside painting snuff bottles with this design of a Marici or so called Dǒumǔ Yuánjūn or 斗母元君 in Chinese terminology. The mythology about this woman usually has 4 hands and named as a Mother Dipper. This woman is the most popular worshiped Taoist deities. She is the mother of the mother of all Nine Emperor Gods....“Taoist” call it “斗母元君” Dau Mo Yuen Gwun, which translate to the Mother of Stars, or the Lord of Stars, the goddess that governs all the Tai Sui Deities....came to China during the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD)

Chinese Buddhism....Molizhitian or Molizhitian Pusa.....she is worshiped as the goddess of light and as the guardian of all nations, whom she protects from the fury of war.

"The Haoren Monastery....Lotus Light Monastery....Richmond, B.C, Canada the Vajra Shrine we pay homage to Vajra Kalachakra and Marici Bodhisattva. On the wall in the background there are many light offerings. When one gives a light offering we believe one is also given protection by these Deities.

Yaksha....."....Marici as a Yaksha General,..Yaksha (Sanskrit: यक्ष yakṣa) the name of a broad class of nature-spirits, usually benevolent, who are caretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the earth and tree roots. They appear in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist literature. The feminine form of the word is yakṣī (यक्षी) or Yakshini (yakṣiṇī, यक्षिणी)....Female yakṣas, known as yakṣiṇīs, are portrayed as beautiful young women with happy round faces and full breasts and hips.... Marici has also sometimes included as one of the Twelve Heavenly Generals associated with Bhaiṣajyaguru, the Buddha of Medicine...In Buddhist literature, the yakṣa are the attendants of Vaiśravaṇa, the Guardian of the Northern Quarter, a beneficent god who protects the righteous. The term also refers to the Twelve Heavenly Generals who guard Bhaiṣajyaguru, the Medicine Buddha.."

"Sanskrit Marici, the name of a Buddhist goddess representing an amalgamation of several Hindu antecedents, primarily the god Marici, who is considered to have been a son of Brahma (*Bonten 梵天) or one of the ten patriarchs created by the first lawgiver Manu. The deity assumed female form on adoption into Buddhism.....marici means "light" or "mirage"."

Amaterasu & Marishiten.......... "The Amatsukami are the heavenly divinities of ancient Japan......Amaterasu is the Queen of the Heavenly Plain, Goddess of the sun and mother of the imperial family of Japan. She was the most powerful of the Japanese deities.... was the Japanese sun goddess who was born from the left eye of the primeval being Izanagi. The ruler of the Plain of Heaven, she was the oldest daughter of Izanagi. She hid in a cave until Uzume lured her out, at which time a beam of light, the dawn, escaped.....Marishiten is not native to Japan and, to make matters worse, she personally converted to Buddhism shortly after being allowed to join the Amatsukami. For this reason, the other Gods of the pantheon feel that it is unbecoming to associate with Marishiten too extensively, and she is not allowed into Amaterasu’s court. Still, they find themselves calling upon Marishiten’s talents again and again. She is a mighty warrior, yet does not rely on direct assault when deception and misdirection might serve. She is an adept instructor of military strategy and combat arts, and above all teaches her pupils that life itself is yet another illusion, thus allowing them to release their fear of death.....her Scions are detached from worldly rewards, seeking only to prefect themselves and their military art. As do the majority of Japanese citizens, they practice both Buddhism and Shintoism, although the Scions of Marishiten frequently remove themselves on religious retreats and a high proportion retire into the Buddhist priesthood.".....

"Surya (Sanskrit: सूर्य Sūrya, "the Supreme Light") also known as Adithya, Suraya, Bhanu, Ravi or Phra Athit is the chief solar deity in Hinduism and generally refers to the Sun..... He is often depicted riding a chariot harnessed by seven horses.....Marici is considered the equivalent of the Hindu Surya. Marici may be depicted in a three-headed form, as the Shakti of Hayagriva, with the left head being that of a pig. She rides in a chariot drawn by seven boars."

"Mithra, also spelled Mithras, Sanskrit Mitra, in ancient Indo-Iranian mythology, the god of light, whose cult spread from India in the east to as far west as Spain, Great Britain, and Germany....The first written mention of the Vedic Mitra dates to 1400 bc. His worship spread to Persia and, after the defeat of the Persians by Alexander the Great, throughout the Hellenic world......As god of light, Mithra was associated with the Greek sun god, Helios, and the Roman Sol Invictus. He is often paired with Anahita, goddess of the fertilizing waters"... Mithras.....the Sun-god's chariot which is drawn by two or four horses."

"Sherab Chamma, also called in Tibetan language "Thugje Chamma", (the loving mother of compassion) is considered in the Bon tradition to be the Gyalyum (rgyal yum), the mother of all buddhas. She embodies the perfection of wisdom. In the Buddhist tradition of India Chamma is called Prajnaparamita or Tara, the "saviouress."......In the Zhangzhung language, Sherab Chamma is known as Satrig Ersang, sa trig meaning "wisdom." In the Tazig language of ancient Central Asia she is Ardvishura Anahita.....The cult of the goddess extended all the way from the borders of China to the ancient Near East and the Mediterranean coast, where in Greco-Roman times she was variously identified with Ishtat, Isis, Aphrodite, and Urania.....The cult of the mother tantras is believed by the Bonpos to have been transmitted to humans by Zangsa Ringtsun, a manifestation of Satrig Ersang.....She dances on a moon disc atop a sun mandala, which itself lies atop a blue lotus and a throne supported by lions. Her body glows reddish yellow and is decorated by clusters of jewels."....


John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….October 2014


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