Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Terms Updated:Sacred Outlook to Ziji

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SACRED OUTLOOK...(dag nang: pure perception) (taknang, dag.snang)..."In my sixteenth year I looked from East to East and experienced sacred outlook." (Nalanda: 1980...pg 56)...


SACRIFICES/OFFERINGS...."Releasing the seed of beings, go alive to the place of the gods." (Keith: 1967..pg 226)....."He who sacrifices beyond his own diety loses his own deity, and does not obtain another. The prosperous are three: the learned Brahman, the headman, and the warrior." (Keith: 1967..pg 193)..."Alexander the Great had performed the divine sacrifices (those prescribed for good fortune and others suggested by the priests)...."....."The word "Karbanot" is usually translated as "sacrifices" or "offerings"; however, both of these terms suggest a loss of something or a giving up of something, and although that is certainly a part of the ritual, that is not at all the literal meaning of the Hebrew word. The word Karbanot comes from the root Qof-Resh-Bet, which means "to draw near," and indicates the primary purpose of offerings: to draw us near to G-d."...https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org....Buddhism developed as a non sacrificial religion, refusing especially "bloody": sacrifices (that was the case also of Taoism during the Han dynasty at the same time Buddhism was entering China.) Still, "offerings" developed in various contexts......www.researchgate.net


SETTING SUN.."The analogy for setting sun hierarchy is a lid that flattens you and keeps you in your place."...(Trungpa: 1984..pg 58)........"based on fear of oneself and fear of death. Has no connection to drala principle."(Trungpa: 1984 pg 108)...Untergang, literally "down-going" but used in German to mean "setting" (as of the sun), which Nietzsche pairs with its opposite Übergang (going over or across).


SECULAR...Latin: saecularis: not belonging to a religious order...."In 1975, the Venerable Chogyam Trungpa, Rinpoche introduced a secular discipline (Shambhala Training), that was appropriate for all beings, regardless of the conditions of their birth, status. or previous beliefs." (Osel Tendzin in Trungpa: 1984, page 195)...."People worry about a conflict between the religious and the profane...But the categories of higher and lower, religious and profane, do not really seem relevant to a basically sane approach to life."...(Trungpa: 1973..pg 47)..."Spiritual and secular vision could meet at sacred outlook." (Nalanda: 1980..pg 364)...


SIDDHI...magic power...Siddhi is a Sanskrit noun which can be translated as "perfection", "accomplishment", "attainment", or "success".In Tamil the word Siddhar/Chitthar refers to someone who has attained the Siddhic powers & knowledge. Chitta is pure consciousness/knowledge in Sanskrit also....The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, compiled around 400 BC from many older traditions, goes into great depth about how to obtain various siddhis....The term siddhi is later found in the Mahabharata."


SKY GAZING...(nam mkha ar gtad)(rig pa nam mkhar gtad) ..."enables us to integrate the empty condition of our mind with the empty space of the sky." (Wangyal: 1993..pg 93 & 119)..."In Mithraic iconography, the Sovereign Sky has an eye in the long solar ray that penetrates the world cave." (Campbell: 1968..pg 99)....“Dzogchen is the apex of Buddhism; Atiyoga is the supreme mode of Dzogchen; Trekcho/Togel is unitary atiyoga; Sky-gazing is the way of nonmeditation. If you can simply sit and watch, Dzogchen sky-gazing will bring ultimate or relative siddhi.”...http://keithdowman.net/diary/


SOCIETY...."Shinto grasps truth in concrete expression and takes social groups such as the family, the village, the State, and makes them arenas for realizing the truth of the gods." ...(Jinja: 1958..pg 5)....“Although the Shambhala tradition is founded on the sanity and gentleness of the Buddhist tradition, at the same time, it has its own independent basis, which is directly cultivating who and what we are as human beings. With the great problems facing human society, it seems increasingly important to find simple and non-sectarian ways to work with ourselves and to share our understanding with others....The Shambhala teachings or “Shambhala vision” as this approach is more broadly called, is one such attempt to encourage a wholesome existence for ourselves and others.”– Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, author of Shambhala: The Sacred Path of the Warrior



SPACE...(kLong)..."the warrior, fundamentally, is someone who is not afraid of space...the truth of non-reference point." (Trungpa:1984, pg 155)...klong: basic space, expanse...mkha: sky, space, heaven....thog ma'i dbyings: primordial basic space....spyi klong: cosmic space....gzhi klong: basic space..."mkha: external space...klong: internal space...dbying: secret space" (Wangyal: 1993..pg 118)...."The word lungta...lung represents the space element,,,the term is sometimes found in the meaning ascribed to long (klong): space...significance between long and namkha (space,sky)." (Norbu:1995...pg 69)...."The Tibetan Book of the Dead is actually a 'Book of Space.' Space contains birth and death; space creates the environment in which to behave, breathe and act, it is the fundamental environment." (Trungpa: Tibetan Book of the Dead: 1975...pg 1)...."three kinds of absolute emptiness or space: 'mkha' is external space conceived without consideration of the things contained within it. 'kLong' is the space of objects that exist within the mkha...and dbying is the space of direct experience as such." (Wangyal: 1993..pg 118)...."Tachyons, particles moving faster that the speed of light, do not experience real time (imaginary space). They move in imaginary time (real space) quite easily." (Wolf: Parallel Universes..pg 130)...Absolute space: chos dbyings...(sk:dharmadhatu)..the expanse of reality..."the mind breaks out of the cage of fixed concepts of definite space and existence and enters the open space of myriad worlds." (kongtrul: 1995..pg 49)..."Throughout our lives, there are occasional experiences of this black hole, suspended space, where we have no reference point."..(Trungpa: 1996..pg 41)....


SQUARE ZERO...."Square One is the basic ground from which we function, and square zero seems to be beyond our even functioning. There is no reference point anymore, just zero. Try it!"...~ from Ocean of Dharma by Chogyam Trungpa edited by Carolyn Rose Gimian


SACRED SPACE..."Conceived as linking the ancestral past and the messianic future, the mountains are not only the lords of a sacred space, but also the lords of time." (Blondeau: 1996...pg 226)...."In an article describing the different stages of the process of sacralization of space in Japan, Grapard (1982) shows that several mountains came flying to that country from India and China." (Blondeau: 1996..pg 81)..."The first kind of sacred space derives from Shinto, and quite likely from pre-Shinto indigenous traditions in Japan. A place is considered to be sacred if a deity has shown itself there; thus, Shinto temples were believed to have been built where kami had appeared to humans."....Written by: Julia Hardy...http://www.patheos.com/Library/Zen/Ritual-Worship-Devotion-Symbolism/Sacred-Space


SOUND,LIGHT,RAYS...The tibetan terms: sgra (sound)[sgralha], 'od (light)['odkar], zer (rays)[zermig]. The relationship of these three elements with the kun gzhi (basis)[Kuntu Sangpo:Basic Goodness]. Excellent description of the relationship between heart, eyes, and space: (Reynolds:1996 pps 121, 150, 157)...."Sun Ray Particles" (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 168)...(Rangdrol: 1990..page 45)...."Everything that arises as manifest phenomenon, consisting of sounds, lights, and rays (sgra 'od zer gsum)...this energy, in the form of light, originates in the heart of the individual." (Reynolds: 1996..pg 157)..."This state of Primeval Purity manifests in the milieu of three elements: sound (sgra), light ('od), and ray (zer). This luminosity resides in the heart of the body like a lighted lamp in a vase." (Karmay: 1988..pg 204).....Sound, light, rays: See (Wangyal:1993..pg 134)..."When the 3 great visions (sound, light, rays) arise, we are in the bardo of the clear light of the essential reality, and that they are our own projections." (Wangyal: 1993..pp190-191)..."the name we give to this display of sound, light and color is 'spontaneous presence'."..(Sogyal: 1992..pg 275)..."The Mithraic solar ray that penetrates into the world cave."..(Campbell: 1968..pg 99)..."O Agni, thy pure bright, flaming rays arise." (Keith: 1967..pg 63)..."Draw in breath from the rays"..(Meyer:1976..pg 7)


SOUND...."the spelling sgra-la (la of sound) is based on a very deep principle. Although not visible, sound is perceived through the sense of hearing and is linked to the Cha (the individual's positive force, the base of prosperity), and wangthang (ascendancy-capacity [authentic presence]), both aspects related with the protective deities and entities since birth. Sound is considered the foremost connection between the individual and his la. This is the meaning of the word sgra-la." (Norbu: 1995...pg 62)...."the deities are invoked with the sound of the drum, the shang, the conch shell, and the flute (rgya gling)." (Norbu: 1995..pg 53


SINGULARITIES..."There are regions of space time where distortions occur. Space and time become highly stretched. In the vicinity of the distortions, gateways to other universes occur." (Wolf: Parallel Universes..pg 143)..."How come dark matter doesn't clump up into black holes / singularities or sun shaped objects?....Singularities, dark matter, and dark energy. A connection?"...https://www.physicsforums.com


SPIRITUAL JUNKYARD...."If one is living in a spiritual junkyard, the way to develop an appreciation of your collection is to start with one item, that would be the equivalent of having one object in an empty room."...(Trungpa: 1973..pg 22)....Chögyam Trungpa wrote a book on "spiritual materialism," warning his students not to transform the teachings into an "antique shop" or "junkyard" of beliefs and practices. You have to get the ego out of it, he says."...Thomas Moore


SWASTIKA....(Tib: gYung Drung)..."the swastika is called the Gammodian Cross and is associated with the movements of heavenly bodies around the Great Bear. It represents the Solar Wheel and is found in sun worship around the world." (Rao: 1978..pg 7)..."Interesting swastika designs on the Grand Mosque of Cordoba in Spain."..."In ancient Persia, the palace of the King was located in the highest circle, the Garodman that was located in the realm of the sun. Within such a circle, the King withdrew from the view of his subjects."...(Campbell: 1968..pg 99)...In the Tibetan Bon tradition the swastika (Tib. gyung-drung), meaning 'eternal or unchanging', essentially corresponds to the Buddhist vajra.


THEISM, ATHEISM, NON-THEISM..."Theistic symbolism is a constant self-existing confirmation. In non-theistic symbolism, such as Buddhism, you don't exist, symbolism doesn't exist, and the universe doesn't exist. That's quite shocking!"..(Trungpa: 1996..pg 33)..."Shambhala is: Is it one path? How does it compare with Buddhism? What are we trying to pass on to future generations of Shambhalians? Some of us like to think that Shambhala encompasses all traditions, and that nothing is excluded. We are not theists, yet we have Jews and Christians in our Shambhala Training programs. Maybe we are everything after all? Both theistic and nontheistic, both religious and secular. Often we say that the Shambhala teachings capture the wisdom that exists in all humans, so different themes melt together and give birth to a vision of future society....people who are inspired by Shambhala teachings who practice a different religion are welcomed, and they will enrich the Shambhala mandala as Shambhalian Christians, Shambhalian Jews, and so forth.".... Shambhala Buddhism by Sakyong Mipham...May 23, 2000....http://shambhala.org/teachers/sakyong-mipham/shambhala-buddhism/


"THEKCHOD......The principle of Thekchod is the primordial purity of everything.....From the viewpoint of the Nying-thig teachings, the original state of the individual, one's inherent enlightened nature, is seen as being primordially pure and spontaneously self-perfected (lhun-grub). These two aspects of the state are realized in the two divisions of Nying-thig teaching and practice, namely, Thekchod and Thodgal....The term Thekchod (khregs-chod) literally means 'cutting loose (chod) the bundle (khregs)'....much as a woodman might cut loose the ties binding a bundle of sticks he has brought with him from the forest. In the case of the individual, this bundle is one's emotional and intellectual tensions and rigidities that keep one imprisoned in a self-created cage and prevent one from realizing one's intrinsic freedom. The principle point of Thekchod is to relax all these tensions of body, speech, and mind that obscure our inherent Buddha-nature, which has been primordially present as the Base (ye gzhi). In Thekchod practice, one settles into a state of contemplation without being distracted for a moment from the view of the primordial purity of our inherent nature. As the master Garab Dorje said: "Whatever is produced in the mind is unobstructed like the clouds in the sky. Having understood the meaning of the complete identity of all phenomenon (in terms of the essence of their emptiness), then when one enters into this (state of contemplation)without following them, this is the true meditation.".....Through the practice of Thekchod, one comes to understand and be totally familiar with the state of contemplation."......John Myrdhin Reynolds....'The Oral Traditions From Zhang-Zhung'....Page 33


"THODGAL......Whereas the principle of Thekchod is the primordial purity of everything, the principle of Thodgal is their spontaneous self-perfection.........The term Thodgal (thod rgal....Sanskrit: vyuthtkrantaka)...literally means "direct" (thod-rgal du) in the sense of an immediate and instantaneous transition from one location to another, where there is no intervening interval of time. Thus some would translate it as 'leap over'...but it is much more immediate than leaping about. Also, when we say 'vision' (snang-ha) we are not talking about visualization( (dmigs-pa) which, for example is used in Tantra. Visualization is a process which involves the working of the mind. However with Trkchod we have moved into a dimension beyond the mind and with Thodgal, one continues in this direction. Rather than visualizations created by mind we are talking about an integration with vision, with whatever arises spontaneously to vision while the practiiioner is in the state of contemplation. Therefore, the master of contemplation through the practice of Thekchod is an immediate prerequisite to the practice of Thodgal...Otherwise there is the danger of becoming caught up in one's visions, becoming distracted by them and believing them to be an objective reality. It is precisely this attachment to one's impure karmic visions that got the individual caught up in samsara in the first place".......John Myrdhin Reynolds....'The Oral Traditions From Zhang-Zhung'....Page 33


TREES...the oak, the rowan, and the hazel were the sacred trees of the Druids...traditionally, the Juniper has been the sacred tree of the Bon tradition..."In Shinto, the white oak is sacred."..(Jinja: 1958)...The Bon and pre-Bon concept of a three-levelled universe with a rope or ladder connecting earth and heaven has persisted in Tibetan folk religion (Mumford 1989:31 citing Hoffman 1961:15) and is found in surviving shamanist cultures throughout the Himalayas."...."In their imagination (the Gurung shamans) visit Khro- nasa, the Gurung underworld, going down nine ladders. The upper world is also reached by nine ladders, arriving at a mansion in Mu, the Gurung term for sky. The `middle' human world is connected to the upper world by a tree in the sacred grove at Tapje village, and also by a rock dome called Oble, the local Gurung land of the dead that is seen from the trail. (Mumford 1989:8).....Mumford notes that the Gurung description of this sacred tree is remarkably similar to the tree connecting the three worlds visited by Siberian shamans. (1089:8). (As Eliade points out, the Universal Tree that grows at the centre of the world and connects the cosmic zones of underworld, earth and heaven is common to all North and Central Asian mythologies.) (1964:37)"


TRUST..."You trust not in success, but in reality." (Trungpa: 1984..pg 73).... "Never, never trust.
But be friendly.
By being friendly towards others
You increase your non-trusting.
The idea is to be independent,
Not involved,
Not glued, one might say, to others.
Thus one becomes ever more
Compassionate and friendly.
Whatever happens, stand on your own feet
and memorise this incantation:
Do not trust.
-Chogyam Trungpa....From TIMELY RAIN, © 2015 by Diana J. Mukpo.


UNENLIGHTENED BEINGS..."cling to the idea that they, their worlds, and their experiences are ultimately real." (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 49)...


WATER...."in the Kalachakra, energies arise from the ten directions and through pressure and friction, produce "primordial water'." (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 41)...Anahita (Arədvī Sūrā Anāhitā); the Avestan language name of an Indo-Iranian cosmological figure venerated as the divinity of 'the Waters' (Aban) and hence associated with fertility, healing and wisdom.


WHEEL OF LIFE..."In ancient Persia, this may have suggested the ultimate Apogenesis and escape from the wheel of birth, perhaps as a soldier of the god, whereas incarnation is emphasized on the bottom register." (Campbell:1968..pg. 333)..."The historical origins of a concept of a cycle of repeated reincarnation are obscure but the idea appears frequently in religious and philosophical texts in both India and ancient Greece during the middle of the first millennium B.C.E.[2] Orphism, Platonism, Jainism and Buddhism all discuss the transmigration of beings from one life to another. The concept of reincarnation is present in the early Vedic texts such as the Rigveda but some scholars speculate it to have originated from the shramana traditions. Several scholars believe that reincarnation was adopted from this religious culture by the Historical Vedic religion and that Brahmins first wrote down scriptures containing these ideas in the early (Aitereya) Upanishads."....


WHITE...'the ancient Tibetan Kings, who were considered gods, wore white silk and cotton."...(Kohn: 1997...pg 390)..."During the Song Dynasty, the Manichaeans were derogatorily referred by the Chinese as chicai simo (meaning that they "abstain from meat and worship demons"). An account in Fozu Tongji, an important historiography of Buddhism in China compiled by Buddhist scholars during 1258-1269, says that the Manichaens worshipped the "white Buddha" and their leader wore a violet headgear, while the followers wore white costumes." ....


WHITE 'A'..."O great White Light of (the letter) A of the womb of space"(Nalanda Translation Committee: Lopez:1997..pg 403)....The seventh level in the Nine Ways of Bon is the Way of the White Letter A (A-dkar theg-pa). (Snellgrove:1967)....."A' represents the unconditioned primordial state, the natural state of mind; it is white to represent the innate purity of mind." (Wangyal: 1993..pg 41)..."The Seventh Vehicle is 'The White A'. The sacred A is the symbol of the 'Pure Sound'...the origin of all earthly sounds and of all effects in the phenomenal world." (Hoffman: 1975...pg 110)...


WIND..."a special wind from this sphere becomes instrumental in the creation of new worlds." (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 42)...


WINDHORSE...(T:lungta...Sk: prana...Ch: ch'i): Mipham (1846-1912): "to write klung-rta (river horse) is not beautiful. It should be written rlung-rta (windhorse)". (Karmay 1993)...LUNG means wind and TA means horse. Invoking secret drala is the experience of raising windhorse, raising a wind of delight and power and riding on, or conquering, that energy...a feeling of being completely and powerfully in the present...connect yourself to the inconceivable vision and wisdom of the cosmic mirror on the spot." (Trungpa: 1984..Pg 114)...The Tibetan text: "Cult of the Deities of the Lungta" A Buddhist text from the 14th century. Includes an invocation to the deities of the four directions. (Norbu:1995, pg70)....klung: river, stream....klung rta: luck, fortune....rlung: wind, breath, vital energy, prana, energy currents of the body, element wind...rlungta: the wind horse...."The klungta is a protective energy tied to a person's bla and phywa and is based on the function of the five elements." (Norbu:1995..pg 249)...."klun-rta (rlun-rta) is regularly written as sruns-rta." (Snellgrove: 1967...pg 9)


XRATU....."The power of 'xratu/rising' is an energy closely connected with visionary insight, indeed it is the cause of it. The moment of dawning when Mithra and his retinue are manifested." (Piras: 1996...pg 15)..."The relationship between daena (the medium of sight) and xratu (a mental sphere). Possession of daena/vision is manifested with the action of an eye enhanced with the energy of xratu, displaying the features of 'rising. Vision derives from the possession of the 'asna xratu', which is itself the faculty of vision of 'Jan', whence the eye is ordered." (Piras: 1996...pg 14)...


XVARENAH....(Xvarnah, Xwarrarh, farrah, khurrah,See Khvarenah)



YANG...." In the I Ching, yin is the cloudy, the overcast and yang actually means 'banners waving in the sun' or 'something shone upon bright'. Yang is bright because it reflects the light." (Wilhelm: I Ching..pg lvi)..."the notion of symbolic wealth is yang".(Karmay: 1975..pg 209)...


ZIJI...(gzi brjid) (gzhi)...the Tibetan word for confidence. ZI means shine or glitter. JI means splendor or dignity. Means to shine out, rejoicing while remaining dignified. (Trungpa:84...pg 85)...."A person possessed fully of the blessings and health that come from the gods is said to be "full of splendor" (gzi brjid can). This splendor, majesty is pronounced ziji in Tibetan, and is an actual radiant force that envelops a healthy and prosperous being, whether god or man." (Kornman: In Lopez...pg.82)...."gzi brjid: brilliance, majestic brilliance, splendor, charisma, glamour, confidence, light, radiance, full of splendor, overwhelming presence, resplendent radiance..."
....gzi: nine eyed onyx stone....gzi byin: overwhelming presence...gzig: leopard....gzig stangs gsum: the three gazes..."This state of pure and total awareness (rigpa) is the primordially pure ground of being itself (gzhi)."..(Kongtrul: 1995..pg 54)...


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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

September 2012 (Updated December 2015)

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