Friday, January 1, 2016

Terms Updated: Dark Age - Great Eastern Sun

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DARK AGE...(Sk: kaliyuga)...(T: snyigs-ma i-dus)...Kali Yuga (Devanāgarī: कलियुग [kəli juɡə], lit. "age of [the demon] Kali", or "age of vice") is the last of the four stages the world goes through as part of the cycle of yugas described in the Sanskrit scriptures, within the present Mahayuga. The other ages are called Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, and Dvapara Yuga.....Kali Yuga is associated with the apocalyptic demon Kali (who is not to be confused with the goddess Kālī (काली)....... The "Kali" of Kali Yuga means "strife", "discord", "quarrel" or "contention".
Kālī (/ˈkɑːli/; Sanskrit: काली; Tamil: காளி; Bengali: কালী; IPA: [kɑːliː]), also known as Kālikā (Sanskrit: कालिका), is the Hindu goddess associated with empowerment, or shakti. She is the mighty aspect of the goddess Durga. The name of Kali means black one and force of time, she is therefore called the Goddess of Time, Change, Power, Creation, Preservation, and Destruction. Her earliest appearance is that of a destroyer principally of evil forces. Various Shakta Hindu cosmologies, as well as Shākta Tantric beliefs, worship her as the ultimate reality or Brahman; and recent devotional movements re-imagine Kāli as a benevolent mother goddess. She is often portrayed standing or dancing on her consort, the Hindu god Shiva, who lies calm and prostrate beneath her. Kali is worshipped by Hindus throughout India."



DISTRACTION..."the length of time one is able to rest undistracted in the nature of mind." (Sogyal: 1992..pg 279)..."Cyclic life is simply the arousal or excitement of the pure state of awareness 'straying away' from itself." (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 54)...


DRALA PRINCIPLE..."Drala is not a god or spirit, but fundamentally it is connecting the wisdom of your own being with the power of things as they are." (Trungpa: 1984..pg 132)....



DRALHA....Non-Visible Beings......Drala or Dralha......
Drala is actually a transliteration for two different Tibetan terms. Therefore it stands for two slightly different kinds of deity. One is spelled sgra bla, and the other is spelled in Tibetan, dgra lha. The first one with the element, sgra refers to a kind of energy; it is a vibrational entity. The second (dgra-) word ends in the syllable lha, and it is a kind of god.....Jamgon Kongtrul the Great used a third spelling ....."


Drala spelt sGra bla begins with the syllable sgra which means sound, and continues with la that here means "a type of individual energy that is endowed with protective functions" (Norbu 1995.) For example, seng- ge'i sgra means the lion's roar. It is also possible to write and hence, refer to sgra'i lha since sGra means a sound or cry, but using lha here instead of la conveys the meaning of a sound deity."


"DZOGCHEN.... is not something to be limited by any narrow-minded sectarianism, for it pertains directly to the Nature of Mind, which, in its own terms, is unbiased and transcends all cultural limitations and conditioning, not only among humanity, but among all sentient life-forms on this planet and elsewhere in the universe. Dzogchen belongs to all humanity and to all life."........John Myrdhin Reynolds....'The Oral Traditions From Zhang-Zhung'....Page xx.....
Geshe Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche, founder and spiritual director of Ligmincha International:
Dzogchen (“The Great Perfection”) Teaching Topics.....
Awakening the Luminous Mind
The Essential Wisdom of the Dzogchen Masters of Zhang Zhung
The Experiential Transmission of Zhang Zhung
Heart Drops of Dharmakaya
Ngondro: The Foundation of Dzogchen Practice
The Practice of the Six Lamps
The Practice of the Six Realms
The Seven Mirrors of Dzogchen
Tibetan Yoga (Trul Khor)
Zhiné: Calm Abiding Meditation


EARTH..."minute particles of matter (rdul phra rab: the earth element"..(Norbu: 1995..pg 165)...
"The "earth witness" Buddha is one of the most common iconic images of Buddhism. It depicts the Buddha sitting in meditation with his left hand, palm upright, in his lap, and his right hand touching the earth. This represents the moment of the Buddha's enlightenment......Just before the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, realized enlightenment, it is said the demon Mara attacked him with armies of monsters to frighten Siddhartha from his seat under the bodhi tree......But the about-to-be Buddha did not move. Then Mara claimed the seat of enlightenment for himself, saying his spiritual accomplishments were greater than Siddhartha's. Mara's monstrous soldiers cried out together, "I am his witness!" Mara challenged Siddhartha--who will speak for you?.....Then Siddhartha reached out his right hand to touch the earth, and the earth itself roared, "I bear you witness!" Mara disappeared......And as the morning star rose in the sky, Siddhartha Gautama realized enlightenment and became a Buddha."


EAST....."In my sixteenth year, I looked from East to East and experienced sacred outlook...Chokyi Wangchuk."..(Nalanda: 1980..pg 56)....."Sacred World is connected with East, because there are always possibilities of vision in the world. East represents the dawn of wakefulness." "...the sacred world is lighted by the sun, which is the principle of never-ending brilliance and radiance...[and] with seeing self-existing possibilities of virtue and richness in the world." (pg 127...Sacred World.).....in the sky, the sun is there. By looking at it, you don't produce a new sun. ... When you discover the sun in the sky, you begin to communicate with it. Your eyes begin to relate with the light of the sun. ".....http://www.glossary.shambhala.org/#GES


EMPEROR..."In Shinto, the Emperor stands in the center of a community of worship and has a heavy responsibility in worship of a deity or deities. The Emperor was the center of the State in this sense, and at the same time was himself the high priest of the gods and the superintendent of worship of the gods."....(Jinja:1958...pg 6)...."Each King ruled until his oldest son was able to ride a horse."...(Karmay: 1975)..."In ancient Persia, the word for King mean not only to regulate and direct in a manner that is right, but also to shine with luster. The divine right of the king was derived from the brilliance and sovereignty of the sky itself. It was fitting that his palace should be in the 'padak' of the sun." (Campbell: 1968..pg 101)..."The Sasanian kings had special seats in the famous fire temple made of gold reserved for the Emperors of China, Byzantium, and the Khazars. Other seats of silver, etc. were arranged according to heirarchy."..(Acta: 1988..pg 105).....Emperor (Old French: empereor from Latin: 'imperator') is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the female equivalent...Emperors are generally recognized to be of a higher honour and rank than kings. In Europe the title of Emperor was, since the Middle Ages, considered equal or almost equal in dignity to that of Pope, due to the latter's position as visible head of the Church and spiritual leader of Western Europe. The Emperor of Japan is the only currently reigning monarch whose title is translated into English as "Emperor".


EMPTINESS...(stong pa nyid) (Sk: shunyata)..."When you awaken your heart in this way, you find, to your surprise, that your heart is empty. You find that you are looking into outer space." (Trungpa: 1984..pg 45)..."The essence (ngo-bo) is shunyata, or emptiness, the condition of the nature of the mirror. If one knows that one is the mirror, than everything comes together simultaneously at one single moment (dus gcig la thams-cad 'dus)." (Reynolds: 1996..pg 154)..."In the cinema we experience the form of the sense object but not the emptiness of the sense object." (Wangyal: 1993..pg 88)...."There are three levels of perception: experience, emptiness, luminosity. The perception of emptiness is the absence of things as they are."...(Trungpa: Dharma Art: 1996..pg 86)...."Shunyata, emptiness, nothingness, voidness, space, the absence of duality and conceptualization. The complete absence of filters or concepts of any kind. It is a question of seeing the world in a direct way without desiring 'higher' consciousness or significance or profundity."..(Trungpa: 1973..pg 190-197)
"In his oral commentary on Pointing Out the Dharmakaya, Thrangu Rinpoche makes the following comments on ösel and shunyata in discussing “the dharmata nature of mind”:......While it is empty and while there is nothing there in a sense, nevertheless there is a natural clarity or luminosity, which is traditionally referred to as buddha nature, the spontaneously present qualities, and so on. Here luminosity does not refer to physical light or some kind of physical radiance. In this context, luminosity simply refers to the cognitive capacity or awareness, which is the defining characteristic of a mind. A mind is not any thing, and yet it cognizes; that is what is meant by the unity of luminosity and emptiness. This is something that we experience directly and that we do not have to talk ourselves into through logical analysis.".....http://nalandatranslation.org/offerings/choosing-the-right-word/luminosity-osel/


ENLIGHTENMENT....(sk: bodhi) (Tib: byang-chub)..."Enlightenment is being awake in the nowness. Animals and infant children live in the present; but that is quite different from being awake or enlightened."..(Trungpa: 1973..pg 204)......“Enlightenment is ego's ultimate disappointment.”....Chögyam Trungpa.


EYES... "Synchronizing mind and body...how we connect with the world...two stages, looking and seeing...in terms of visual perception. The point is to look properly. See the colors: white, black, blue, yellow, red, green, purple. Look. This is your world! You can't not look. There is no other world. This is your world; it is your feast. You inherited this, you inherited these eyeballs; you inherited this world of color. Look at the greatness of the whole thing. Look! Don't hesitate-- look! Open your eyes. Don't blink, and look, look--look further! (Trungpa:1984..pg 53).....khra hrig: wide open eyes...chu bur mig: physical eyes...che re bltas: looking directly...lta stang: gaze...spyan: eyes...mig khra hrig ge: piercing eyes...zur mig blta: flirtatious eyes...gzi: onyx stone with eyes...lha yi mig: divine eye..."When we see with our eyes in the state of contemplation what we are really seeing is our own wisdom." (Wangyal: 1993..pg 89)..."Listen while you keep motionless command of your organs of sense. Even the eyelids may not be moved." (Francke: 1950..pg 181)..."In Shinto, the ancestors watch their descendants with their spirit eyes."..(Jinja:1958..pg 24)...."The sun in the Rigveda is known as the eye of Mithra. The sovereign sky has an eye in the long solar ray that penetrates the world cave."..(Campbell: 1968..pg 99)..."Mitra supports earth and sky. Mitra regardeth men with the unwinking eye." (Keith: 1967..pg 226)..."His rays bear up the god who knoweth all, the sun for all to see, the eye of Mitra." (Keith: 1967..pg 63)...."The relationship between daena (the medium of sight) and xratu (a mental sphere). Possession of daena/vision is manifested with the action of an eye enhanced with the energy of xratu, displaying the features of 'rising. Vision derives from the possession of the 'asna xratu', which is itself the faculty of vision of 'Jan', whence the eye is ordered." (Piras: 1996...pg 14)..."The Sun as the All Seeing Eye" Hawkes: 1962..pg 87...Tel Brak Temple in Syria...staring divine eyes..(Gimbutas: 1989 pg 54)...Eye Goddesses (Gimbutas: 1989)..."Radiant divine eye, compound eye and sun symbol" (Gimbutas: 1989 pg 56)....."In the center of the hearts of all beings there is the hollow crystal kati channel, which is a channel of primordial wisdom. If it points down and is closed off, primordial wisdom is obscured, and delusion grows..... In humans that channel points horizontally and is slightly open, so human intelligence is bright and our consciousness is clear. In people who have attained siddhis and in bodhisattvas that channel is open and faces upwards, so there arise unimaginable samādhis, primordial wisdom of knowledge, and vast extrasensory perceptions. These occur due to the open quality of that channel of primordial wisdom. Thus, when the eyes are closed, that channel is closed off and points down, so consciousness is dimmed by the delusion of darkness...In all treatises other than the Tantra of the Sun of the Clear Expanse of the Great Perfection and the Profound Dharma of the Natural Emergence of the Peaceful and Wrathful from Enlightened Awareness, the hollow crystal kati channel is kept secret, and there are no discussions of this special channel of primordial wisdom. This channel is unlike the central channel, the right channel, the left channel, or any of the channels of the five chakras; it is absolutely not the same as any of them.".....http://thedaobums.com/topic/36286-more-about-the-kati-crystal-heart-channel/


FIRE...."the yul lha is asked to forgive any defilement of fire." (Blondeau: 1996...pg 125)..."ritual acts connected with the fire element" (Norbu: 1995..pg 269)..."the winds, produces a vortex of light that whirled vigorously from whose energy heat was emitted and the element fire was formed."..(Norbu: 1995..pg 165)..
"me lha.....Agnideva, the god of fire.....god of fire, gods in general, fire deity associated with the fire offering rites .....Agnideva, the god of fire, me la gnas pa'i lha. one of the phyogs skyong bcu the ten guardians of the directions.".....http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/me_lha


FIVE POWERS..."The nature of the mind is like a mirror with 5 different powers: vastness, detail, unbiased, unconfused, all-accomplishing." (Sogyal: 1992..pg 153)...."the five wisdoms are: openness, precision, all-embracing equality, discernment, and spontaneous accomplishment." (Sogyal: 1992...pg 397)...ye shes lnga - the five wisdoms. {me long, lta bu} mirror [like] wisdom, {mnyam nyid} equality wisdom, {so sor rtog pa} discriminating wisdom, {bya grub} accomplishing wisdom, {chos dbyings} expanse of qualities wisdom, five aspects of pristine awareness; Five Kinds of Pristine Cognition. Five wisdoms. The pristine cognition of the expanse of reality {chos dbyings kyi ye shes} or dharmadhatu jñana. the mirror-like pristine cognition {me long gi ye shes} or adarsha jnana. the pristine cognition of discernment {sor rtog pa'i ye shes} or pratyavekshana jnana. the pristine cognition of sameness {mnyam nyid kyi ye shes} or samata jnana. and the pristine cognition of accomplishment {bya ba'i ye shes} or k.rtyanusthana jnana. five types of fruition awareness, the five wisdoms. 1) {chos dbyings} or {chos kyi dbyings kyi ye shes}. 2) {me long} or {me long lta ba'i ye shes} 3) {mnyam nyid} or {mnyam pa nyid kyi ye shes} 4) {sor rtog} or {so sor rtog pa'i ye shes} 5) {bya grub} or {bya ba grub pa'i ye shes}."......http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/Five_Wisdoms


FIVE ELEMENTS..."The invocation of the drala principle allows us to live in harmony with the elemental quality of reality. Rather than trying to overcome the raw elements of existence, one should respect their power and their order as a guide to human conduct." (Trungpa: 1984..pg 129)...."the four animals endowed with claws represent the elements. (Tiger:air...lion:earth...khyung:fire....dragon:water)... The fifth element, space, is represented by the horse at the center of the windhorse flag." (Norbu: 1995..pg 69)....."Primordial awareness is projected and reflected through the five senses...the relationship between the elements, the inner organs, the sense organs and the sense consciousness..."(Wangyal: 1993..pg 126)...."All the elements are based on the space element." (Wangyal: 1993..pg 145)..."klung rta is a protective energy tied to a persons la and cha and is based on the function of the 5 elements. Lung represents the element space and signifies universal foundation." (Norbu: 1995..pg 249)..."in the Kalachakra, 'galactic seeds' that coalesce to form planets, etc. This is a process stimulated by the interplay of the five material elements." (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 41)..."The color of one's own rlung-rta is in accordance with the element in one's own horoscope." (Karmay: 1975..pg 210)..."The five elements ('byung ba lnga) Earth, water, fire, air and space. (sa chu me rlung nam mkha') [RY] khams drug ldan pa'i rdo rje'i lus - Vajra body endowed with the six elements. The six outer elements are the five elements and the element of mental objects (chos khams). The six inner elements are flesh, blood, warmth, breath, vacuities and the all-ground consciousness. The six secret elements are the nadis as the stable earth element, the syllable HANG at the crown of the head as the liquid water element, the A-stroke at the navel center as the warm fire element, the life-prana (srog gi rlung) as the moving wind element, the avadhuti as the void space element, and the all-ground wisdom as the cognizant wisdom element. This last category is the uncommon explanation."....http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/Five_Elements


FRACTALS...."the spaces develop spontanteously like fractals"..(Reynolds: 1996..pg 158)...Check out the Mandelbrot Set...."the concept of the Alayavijyana (Storehouse Consciousness) as we see in the Awakening of Faith. In that storehouse is laid down the seeds of karma and we can see that these seeds are probably working at the Wild Being level. The Seeds are intensities laid down within the emptiness itself which later sprout forms. Here again the Mandelbrot set gives us an interesting model. The points in the Imaginary plane do not move, but it is only their self iteration that allows us to measure their escape velocity toward infinity along their recursive line of flight. But when we look across the various points that are near each other we see the pattern that they make together which is fractal, and changing at each level of zooming in, and this zooming in goes on forever. The patterning never ends is ever changing now matter how deeply you go.".....https://www.quora.com/Whats-the-difference-between-Dzogchen-and-Mahayana-Buddhism


GALACTIC SEEDS..."According to the Kalachakra, scattered particles of matter remaining in space after a previous world system has been destroyed are the 'galactic seeds' that coalesce to form new planets, stars, and so forth." (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 41)... "generative seeds come from other world systems, according to others, the seeds are contained in the primordial matter."..(Kongtrul: 1995..pg 42)..."In the Kabala, one of the main doctrines involves the sinking of luminous particles into matter (quellipot..shells)"..Encyclopedia Britannica...."Winds come carrying seeds from other world systems. The environment is created from five types of seeds (many scattered, indivisible, subtle particles). Mentioned the text: "Seventy Particles". (Kongtrul: 1995..pg 175)....The Treasury of Knowledge: Book One: Myriad Worlds....by Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Taye


GAZE..."you will be unable to look at the visions...instead your gaze will be drawn downward."..(Sogyal:1992..pg 279)...In both the Bön and Buddhist Dzogchen traditions, sky gazing (Wylie: nam mkha' ar gtad, THDL: namkha arté) is considered to be an important part of tregchöd....."...there is the Dzogchen gaze. The method of Dzogchen gazing disorientates the conceptual mind.....Learning to focus in space is crucial to sKu-mNyé, so it’s very important to practise the gaze first. You have to do that in order to keep your eyes from seeking forms upon which they tend to settle....You would then fix your gaze. You would achieve that by keeping your eyes from moving."...http://www.aroencyclopaedia.org/shared/text/s/skumnye_ar_eng.php



GREAT EASTERN SUN (Shar chen nyi ma)..."Great Eastern Sun vision is based on appreciating ourselves and appreciating our world, so it is a very gentle approach. The world around us is regarded as very sacred." (Trungpa: 1984..pg 56).....Primordial, constantly rising, never ending brilliance. A greater luminosity which is always there. (Trungpa:1984...pg 127)...."ancient Altaic and Turkic traditions worshipped the rising sun and the east was considered the most sacred direction. The universe was rectangular with the door of the Kaghan's (warrior chieftan) tent always faced east. The universe was considered divided into Heaven, Earth, and Underworld with deities representing each." (Litvinsky: 1992..Pg 429)....Kunzhi is the sky in which the sun (rigpa) shines clear and free of clouds (thoughts). (Wangyal: 1993..pg 111)..."When we say sun here, we mean the sun of human dignity, the sun of human power." (Trungpa: 1984..pg 54)...."the sun of the intrinsic nature (t:cho nyi) begins to rise in all its splendor. The natural radiance of Rigpa manifests spontaneously and blazes out as energy and light." (Sogyal: 1992..pg 275)..."you will be unable to look at the deities, which are as 'bright as the sun'."..(Sogyal: 1992..pg 279)..."At the beginning, Great Eastern Sun vision is very black and white. When the sun shines it is white. When the sun doesn't shine, it is black."...(Trungpa: 1996..pg 14)...."An important image in the Shambhala tradition, representing indestructible wakefulness. Being spontaneously present, it radiates peace and confidence. Being brilliant, it illuminates the way of discipline. Since it shines over all, heaven, earth and man find their proper place.' (Nalanda: 1980...pg 349)..."The ancient Persian conception of sun (hvar) was that of a ruling power. There are 108 names for the sun in the Mahabharata, including 'Mithra'."(Humbach: 1978..pg 236)..."In the Mihr Yast and elsewhere in the Avesta, the sun is called 'swift-hearted' which describes the sun as the 'life-giving father of rays', the first principle (archos) of horses breathing out fire." (Campbell: 1968..pg 191)..."His rays bear up the god who knoweth all, the sun for all to see, the eye of Mitra." (Keith: 1967..pg 63)..."MITHRA is called Sol invictus or the Invincible Sun in the Roman Mysteries." (Dhalla: 1963..pg 302)...Emperor Julian's Hymn to King Helios in which he conceived of the sun in three ways: transcendental and indistinguishable from the Good, as Helios-Mithra, and thirdly as the visible sun." (Hawkes: 1962 pg 254)...Plato idealized Sun worship (Hawkes: 1962..pg 199)...Palmyra was the seat of ancient Syrian sun worship.(Hawkes: 1962)


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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

September 2012...Updated January 2016

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