Monday, June 8, 2015

Ölmo Lungring & Stag-gzig/Kapisa/Od'i-ana

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Ölmo Lungring .......'ol Mo Lung Ring.....Pronunciation: Ölmo Lungring
"Etymology: clover - female - valley - distant....... It's not clear how the first two syllables go together, but the latter two are clearly the condensed form of lung pa ring po, "distant valley." .........Dictionaries list 'ol mo as a type of medicinal plant, but this is likely a more modern definition, irrelevant to the original place name........ 'ol mo could be a proper name, with the whole name stringing together to mean "The Distant Valley of Ölmo.".....Nation: Allegedly Takzik (stag gzig), somewhere in modern-day Kashmir, Pakistan, Iran, or Afghanistan, though sometimes described as being part of Zhang Zhung or a general description for the area around Mt. Kailash."..https://collab.itc.virginia.edu/wiki/renaissanceold/ol mo lung ring.html

" The mysterious land of Olmo Lung-ring ('ol-mo lung-rings) or Olmoling ('ol-mo'i gling) is said to be part of a larger geographical region to the northwest of Tibet called Tazig (stag-gzig, var. rtag-gzigs), which scholars identify with Iran or, more properly, Central Asia where in ancient times Iranian languages such as Avestan and later Sogdian were spoken. According to the "gZer-mig" the traditional etymology of the name Olmo Lung-ring is as follows: '"ol" means "unborn", "mo" "undermined", "lung" "the prophetic words of Shenrab", and "rings" "everlasting compassion". According to the "gZi-brjid", Olmo Lung-ring was also known as Shambhala in Sanskrit and it continues to be known by this name among Tibetan Buddhists even today."......http://www.surajamrita.com/bon/Shambala.html

"...we would like to draw particular attention to the location of Stag-gzig to the west of Tibet, touching on Gilgit and Yavana (Bactria). ...In the west is the country of Dmu. In the east is the country of China (Rgya). In the south is the country of Mon. In the south east is the country of ’Jang. In the north are Li, Bal and Phrom. In the northeast is the country of Hor, [and] Snowy Tibet (Gang[s]-can Bod). ....’Ol-mo-lung-ring is, as many later sources say, in some way identical with Stag-gzig, we see that Stag-gzig is to the west of Tibet, and is bordered by the smaller areas of Gilgit and Yavana (Bactria)...... This would point to an area stretching from present-day north Pakistan to Takhar (equivalent to Tibetan Tho-gar, which shouldn’t be confused with the Thod-dkar which borders China, although both names seem to come from a single ethnonym, and are in fact occasionally confused in Bon sources) in northeastern Afghanistan, and possibly including areas still further to the south..... in the Mdo-’dus, ’Ol-mo-lung-ring is located to the northwest of western Tibet (where Ti-tse/Ti-se is) and rather to the north of a mysterious country called Dmu (Persia, perhaps?). It is cut by both the Nine Dark Mountains (on which, more soon) and the rivers Pag-shu and Si-ti, which we might very well identify as the Oxus (Vakṣu) and Sitā ..... Here we seem to be dealing with an area that stretches from the Badakhshan in northeastern Afghanistan, circling (to the right or the left of) the Pamirs.........’Ol-mo-lung-ring is cut by the rivers Pakshu and Si-ta (the Oxus and Tarim?), we must note that other sources, in citations of the same passage from the Mdo-’dus, give the two rivers’ names as Pakshu and Si[n]dhu (Oxus and Indus). Following the citations, rather than the text of the Mdo-’dus, ’Ol-mo-lung-ring would cover the area from the north part of modern Pakistan up to and including at least some part of Uzbekistan....The Meditation Commentary’s mentioning of Ka-pi-ta, which is surely the same as Kapisha, an old center of Gandhara located north of present-day Kabul, is at least generally consonant with the territory of ’Ol-mo-lung-ring as known in earlier sources.."....https://sites.google.com/site/tibetological/-ol-mo-lung-ring

"According to Lopon Tenzin Namdak, the outer door (sgo phyi-pa) is Zhang-zhung itself, the middle door (sgo bar-ma) is Tazig, and the inner door (sgo phug-pa) is Olmo Lung-ring...... From the innermost gate outwards this represents the movement or progress of the teachings of Yungdrung Bon into the outer world and especially Tibet...... At that time Tazig was said to have been inhabited by the "sTag-gzig hos rigs", the royal race (rgyal rigs) of the "Hos" or Persians (the Chinese "Hu")....... But in an even earlier time the people belonged to the lineage of the "rGyal-bu 'thing-ge". ......And in the "Ma-rgyud" is found the story of the emperor Gyer-wer of Tazig who ruled most of the known world."....http://www.surajamrita.com/bon/Shambala.html

".... the sages of Tibet often went to to Olmo Lung-ring in quest of these precious teachings. It is said that they proceeded toward the northwest from Mount Kailas in Zhang-zhung and journeyed for twice as far as Kailas is from the city of Shigatse in Central Tibet. In precise geographic terms, this would put them beyond the Pamirs in Sogdiana."...... OLMO LUNG-RING: THE IMPERISHABLE SACRED LAND.....by Vajranatha

"Location's language.......Possibly Pungyik (spung yig), a native Takzik language.....the Takzik language of the gods, called Pungyik (spung yik)."...https://collab.itc.virginia.edu/wiki/renaissanceold/ol mo lung ring.html
"The land of Ölmo Lungring is one of the most mysterious geographies of Tibetan history. Its mythical status among Bönpos (as a type of Pure Land) and non-Bönpos alike suggests that it not be included in so empirical an exercise as this, but devout Bönpos have long maintained that it is a real place as well, the birthplace of Shenrab Miwo (gshen rab mi bo) and of Bön itself. .......Most descriptions place it in the distant west, beyond the boundaries of the Zhang Zhung kingdom of West Tibet, in the historical region of Takzik, or modern-day Iran or Afghanistan....... Other descriptions place it in the immediate vicinity of Mt. Kailash, otherwise known to the Bönpos as Yungdrung Gutsek (g.yung drung dgu brtsegs)....... In Samten Karmay's edited and translated version of The Treasury of Good Sayings (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972, p. xxx), the actual boundaries of Ölmo Lungring are given as Khyunglung Ngülkhar (khyung lung dngul mkhar) to Dangra Khyungdzong (dang ra khyung rdzong) in the east, to Tsang (gtsang) in the south, and Kashmir to the west, thus inscribing it in the center of Zhang Zhung itself, around Mt. Kailash.".....https://collab.itc.virginia.edu/wiki/renaissanceold/ol mo lung ring.html

"...the Bönpos .....It's certainly possible they came from the west. There are intriguing vestiges of Arabic language and iconography in Tibetan culture that might have ancient origins."
"Much of the information about Ölmo Lungring comes originally from the Bönpo source, the Dodü (mdo 'dus), the earliest biography of Shenrab Miwo, a treasure text discovered in the 11th century."

"The kingdom of Tagzig Olmo Lung Ring is a non-dualist realm (which means it exists in opposition to Cartesian dualism)."

"In all of the early Bonpo texts Olmo Lung-ring is clearly located to the west and the north of Tibet in Tazig or Central Asia. Moreover, there are two Tazigs, one of a heavenly nature and one quite physical, located in Central Asia. The Kailas mountain and its adjacent region in West Tibet is only a pale reflection of the real Olmo Lung-ring, the original archetype, which exists at the center of the world. According to the "gZer-mig" and other texts, the region around Tise or Mount Kailas is only a copy in Zhang-zhung of the original in Olmoling. Furthermore, according to the "gZi-brjid", Dimpling is the same as Shambhala. It is not necessary to pray and do any meditation practice in order to be reborn in Iran or the Central Asia of the USSR, these are quite ordinary earthly places; but it is necessary to pray and to undergo a purification of mind before one can be reborn in Olmo Lung-ring, or even enter it in this present life, because it is a pure dimension of existence (dag-pa'i zhing-khams). It cannot be seen easily with the ordinary fleshly eye like Iran or Central Asia or even Tibet can. But simply because we dp not see it is no proof that it does not exist, for that is the view of the Lokayatas or materialists. "......http://www.surajamrita.com/bon/Shambala.html

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Olmo Lung-ring ('ol-mo lung-rings) or Olmoling ('ol-mo'i gling) ..... ’Ol-mo-lung-ring is located to the northwest of western Tibet (where Ti-tse/Ti-se is) and rather to the north of a mysterious country called Dmu (Persia, perhaps?). It is cut by both the Nine Dark Mountains and the rivers Pag-shu and Si-ti, which we might very well identify as the Oxus (Vakṣu) and Sitā ......

Tazig (stag-gzig, var. rtag-gzigs)..... in the historical region of Takzik, or modern-day Iran or Afghanistan....Tazig was said to have been inhabited by the "sTag-gzig hos rigs", the royal race (rgyal rigs) of the "Hos" or Persians (the Chinese "Hu")...... emperor Gyer-wer of Tazig who ruled most of the known world......Takzik (stag gzig), somewhere in modern-day Kashmir, Pakistan, Iran, or Afghanistan.....

Kapisha.......Ka-pi-ta, which is surely the same as Kapisha, an old center of Gandhara located north of present-day Kabul, is at least generally consonant with the territory of ’Ol-mo-lung-ring as known in earlier sources.......

Zhang-zhung

Khyunglung Ngülkhar (khyung lung dngul mkhar)....Garuda - valley - silver - castle, "The Silver Castle of Garuda Valley".......it was the capital of Zhang Zhung, that the kingdom's last king, Likmigya (lig my rgya), was the last to reside in the palace, and that it was destroyed by Trisong Detsen (khri srong lde btsan) in his conquest of Zhang Zhung

Dangra Khyungdzong (dang ra khyung rdzong)....The ruined Khyung Dzong, the “Horned Eagle Fortress,” is poised on three ivory-colored limestone mounts overlooking the inviolable waters of Lake Dangra.....

Tsang (gtsang)

Kashmir.... Kashmir (Kachee Yul in ancient Tibetan).........."The Tibetan Muslims, also known as the Kachee (Tibetan: ཀ་ཆེ་, Wylie: ka-che; also spelled Kache), form a small minority in Tibet. Despite being Muslim, they are officially recognized as Tibetans by the government of the People's Republic of China, unlike the Hui Muslims, who are separately recognized. The Tibetan word Kachee literally means Kashmiri and Kashmir was known as Kachee Yul (Yul means Country)......Generally speaking, the Tibetan Muslims are unique in the fact that they are largely of Kashmiri as well as Persian/Arab/Turkic descent through the patrilineal lineage and also often descendants of native Tibetans through the matrilineal lineage, although the reverse is not uncommon. Thus, many of them display a mixture of Indo-Iranian and indigenous Tibetan facial features."

Mount Yung-drung Gu-tzeg ("Edifice of Nine Sauvastikas"), possibly Mount Kailash, in western Tibet. Due to the sacredness of Tagzig Olmo Lungting and Mount Kailash.......

Kingdom of Ling (Standard Tibetan: gLing). In Tibetan, gling means, literally, an 'island', but can have, as in Sanskrit dvīpa), the secondary meaning of "continent".......

Bactria.... Fromo Kesaro in overwhelming an intrusive Arab army, sometime between 739-745 AD, may have formed the historic core behind the Gesar epic in Tibet. In the records of the earliest rulers of Ladakh, Baltistan and Gilgit, whose countries were later overrun by incursive Tibetans, royal ancestry is connected to the Bactrian Gesar.......

Hor......Geser's war against the three kings of Sharaigol (Hor)..... Sharai Gol in Pakistan,......

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"........each of which is associated with one of the eight great rivers as follows:
1. "gTsang-ma lha skad" along the Na-ra-dza-ra river in the east,
2. "Dag-pa lha skad" along the Pakshu river in the the north,
3. "Samskri lha skad" (i.e., Sanskrit) along the Ma-shang river in the west,
4. "Khri-wer lha skad" along the Sindhu river in the south,
5. "Hor ci 'phrul skad" along the Ganga river in the south east,
6. "sPos ci 'phrul skad" along the Sita river in the southwest,
7. "Ci gung 'phrul skad" along the Seng-ga river in the northwest, and
8. "Cung tshe 'phrul skad" along the Serdan (gser-ldan) river in the northeast.
http://www.surajamrita.com/bon/Shambala.html

kha ‘bab kyi chu bo bzhi - the four rivers issuing (from {ma dros pa'i mtsho} into the four directions) 1) ganga 2) sindhu 3) pakhu 4) sit) [IW]
kha 'bab chu bzhi - the four rivers issuing [from {ma dros pa'i mtsho} into the four directions]. 1) Ganges. 2) Sindhu. 3) Pakshu 4) Sita. Syn {kha 'bab chu bzhi} [RY]
kha 'bab chu bzhi - the four rivers [issuing (from {ma dros pa'i mtsho} into the four directions) 1) ganga 2) sindhu 3) pakhu 4) sit ] [IW]
kha 'bab bzhi - from Ti Se snow mt in four directions flowing four rivers [E from a lion’s mouth Ganga, S, peacock, sindhu, W horse, pakshu, = yar klungs gtsang po, N lion si ta] [IW]
rgya gar gyi chu chen bzhi - the four great rivers of India [gangg'a, sindhu, si t'a, pakshu] [IW]
chu bo - 1) river, great water; 2) four [for four gt Indian rivers Ganga, pakshu, SITA, sindhu] [IW]

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Baumer, Christopher. 2002. Bon: Tibet’s Ancient Religion. Trumbull, CT: Weatherhill.
Karmay, Samten G., ed. 1972. The Treasury of Good Sayings: A Tibetan History of Bon. London: Oxford University Press.
Kvaerne, Per. 2001. The Bon Religion of Tibet. London: Serindia.
Martin, Dan. 1999. "‘Ol-mo-lung-ring, the Original Holy Place." In Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places, 1999, edited by Toni Huber, Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, pp. 258-301.
Martin, Dan. 2001. Unearthing Bön Treasures. Boston: Brill.

Tibetan Renaissance Seminar.... Jed Verity....https://collab.itc.virginia.edu/wiki/renaissanceold/ol mo lung ring.html

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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

June 2015

John Hopkins....Northern New Mexico

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