"....Shambhalist Andrew Tomas, wrote of the "Catholic missionaries Stephen Cacella and John Cabral, who were the first Europeans in modern history to give an account of Shambhala about three hundred and fifty years ago." He added that "Father Stephen Cacella . . . recorded the existence of this 'famous country' during his stay of twenty-three years at Shigatse where he died in 1650. The lamas had developed such respect for him that they even offered to take him to this secret place, Chang Shambhala, or Northern Shambhala.....While Cacella and Cabral mentioned Xembala/Shambhala, they gave no real account of it, and both seemed convinced that it was indeed either Cathay or "Greater Tartarea". Although the route hither was certainly unclear, they gave no indication that it was in any sense "a secret place" or that any lamas had offered to take them there. It was Cabral, not Cacella, who reported on Xembala from Shigatse, and it seems almost certain that Cacella died in 1630 and not 1650.".....http://www.shambhala.mn/Files/jesuits.html
"Roerich’s account of such a sighting aroused great interest in Europe and brought to the West the first concrete evidence that there might be something present in Eurasia that defied understanding. Victoria LePage describes its significance as such: In its vivid colour and factuality, its bizarre but unarguable reference to an unknown golden aircraft that behaved as no ordinary airplane could, the Roerich story could rightly be called the first reliable intimation that the kingdom of Chang Shambhala was perhaps knowable as more than an intellectual curiosity, a popular Asian fable… and from about 1927 onward the world centre in the northern mountains exerted on Western occult circles the fascination of an idea whose time has come.".....
"Hilton is believed to have modelled his fictional Trans-Tibetan Utopia on a similar legendary place in Asia called Chang Shambhala, northern Shambhala (so-called to distinguish it from another town called Shambhala to the south). Chang Shambhala was a place of bliss Hilton had read about in the memoirs of Abbé Huc, a Catholic missionary who had travelled through Tibet in the nineteenth century. The Abbé learned about the kingdom of Shambhala from the Buddhist followers of the Panchen Lama in Shigatse."......http://vlepage.newteam.org/shambhala_spiritual_axis.htm
"The mythical paradise of Shambhala is known under many different names:....It has been called the Forbidden Land, the Land of White Waters . . . , the Land of Radiant Spirits, the Land of Living Fire, the Land of the Living Gods and the Land of Wonders. Hindus have known it as Aryavarsha, the land from which the Vedas come; the Chinese as Hsi Tien, the Western Paradise of Hsi Wang Mu, the Royal Mother of the West; the Russian Old Believers, a nineteenth-century Christian sect, knew it as Belovodye and the Kirghiz people as Janaidar. But throughout Asia it is best known by its Sanskrit name, Shambhala, meaning 'the place of peace, of tranquillity,' or as Chang Shambhala (maybe from its lying in the Chang Tang mountains?), northern Shambhala. . . "
"At the end of his life the Chinese Taoist teacher Lao-Tzu, returned to Shambhala, although he called it Tebu Land. . .".....he slips in an allusion to the Taoist Shambala "Tebu Land".....
XEMBALA......"From Cacella's own words : "We asked as many questions as we could about the kingdom of Cathay [China] but have heard nothing of it by this name,which is completely unknown here; however, there is a kingdom which is very famous here and which they say is very large called Xembala [Sham-bha-la] next to another called Sopo [Sog-po] (Mongolia); the King does not know the law of Xembala and he has asked us about it many times. We believe it might be the kingdom of Cathay because that of Sopo belongs to the Tartars who we understand are constantly at war with China, ".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estêvão_Cacella
"It should be pointed out that most Europeans at the time still believed that Cathay, the country reached overland by Silk Road traders, and China, on whose east coast Portuguese sailors first landed in 1514, were two distinctly different countries. By the time the Portuguese Jesuit Matthew Ricci reached Peking in the late 1590s he had concluded that it was identical with the city of Cambaluc, news of which had reached Europe via the Silk Road, but of which very little had been heard of since the disintegration of the Pax Mongolica in the latter part of the fourteenth century had effectively halted overland travel.".....http://www.shambhala.mn/Files/jesuits.html
"Cabrel's brief geographical notice from Shigatse and Cacella's earlier report from Bhutan contain what most authorities believe to be the first mentions of Shambhala, here spelled Xembala, in a European language...Roerich, having read reproductions of the letters of Cabral and Cacella (it is unclear if they were in Latin or Portuguese) came up with new transliteration of "Xembala", rendering it as the more familiar Çambhala, the letter Ç being a linguistic notation for sh.....The purported road hither to Xembala/Cathay lead through the kingdom of Utsang, which Cabral already know about from his correspondence with the Jesuits in Tsaparang....In a letter from Shigatse Cabral included, amidst descriptions of the king, lamas, and temples, and the environs of Shigatse, some broader geographical information. "To the north it [Utsang]," he noted, is bounded by the territory of the Tartars, with whom the king is sometimes at variance; the religion of the two countries, many say, is the same. Towards the east is Cochinchina, from where much merchandise arrives as well as from China, which is to the north-east. The two latter countries border on Cam (Kham), from where the musk comes. Xembhala [Shambhala] is in my opinion not Catayo [Cathay], but what on our maps is Great Tartarea; Catayo lies more to the north."."....http://www.shambhala.mn/Files/jesuits.html
John Hopkins.....Northern New Mexico….April 2013