Monday, September 30, 2013

Shambhala & Sambalpur, Orissa (100 AD)

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"Tantric Buddhism first developed in Uddiyana, a country which was divided into two kingdoms Sambhala and Lankapuri. Sambhala has been identified with Sambalpur and Lankapuri with Subarnapura (Sonepur)."....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Sambalpur

"Kalachakra tantra was first taught by the Buddha to King Indrabhuti, the first dharmaraja of Shambhala.......'Lord Kalki will appear in the home of the most eminent brahmin of Shambhala village, the great souls Vishnuyasha and Sumati." (Srimad-Bhagavatam Bhag.12.2.18)....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Sambalpur

"The History of Sambalpur in the Indian state of Orissa can be traced back to 100 AD. It was mentioned in the book of Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus) as Sambalaka on the left bank of river "Manada", now known as Mahanadi. Other evidence is available from the records of Xuanzang, and in the writings of the celebrated King Indrabhuti of Sambalaka of Odra Desha or Oddiyan (oldest known king of Sambalpur), the founder of Vajrayana Buddhism and the Lama cult. He has written the book Jñānasiddhi (Sanskrit: ज्ञानसिद्धिर्नामसाधनम्; IAST: jñānasiddhirnāmasādhanam; Tibetan: ཡེ་ཤེས་གྲུབ་པ་ཞེས་བྱ་བའི་སྒྲུབ་པའི་ཐབས, Wylie: ye shes grub pa zhes bya ba'i sgrub pa'i thabs which is T2219 of the Tibetan Tengyur)."....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Sambalpur

"Ptolemy mentions Sambalaka as a city in the country of the Mandalai which produced the finest diamonds in the world. Now, although it is possible that he may have referred to Sambalpur on the Mahanâdï, where diamonds are known to occur, I prefer to identify it with Tavernier's Soumelpour, as above, because it was situated in the country generally recognized as that of the Mandali or Mundas, while Sambalpur is beyond its limits. Further, it may be conveniently remarked here that Ptolemy's Adamas river, although he clearly indicates its origin in Chota Nägpur (Kokkonage or Kokra), has by some authors been identified with the Mahanâdï, while others have with greater probability identified it with one or other of the rivers rising in Chota Nägpur, namely, the Dâmudâ, Subanrikhä or Brahmani, with its tributaries the Sänkh and Southern Koel, to which we shall presently again refer. The Mahanâdï is probably Ptolemy's Manada, rising in the country of the Sabarae or Savaras, where diamonds were also obtained."....http://www.farlang.com/diamonds/tavernier-travels-india-2/page_373

"Sambalpur derives its name from that of the Goddess Samalei, who is regarded as the reigning deity of the region. The region in which Sambalpur city is located was also known as Hirakhanda from ancient times. In history, it has also been known as 'Sambalaka'. Claudius Ptolemy has described the place as "Sambalak". According to Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, the French traveller, and Edward Gibbon, the English historian, diamonds were exported to Rome from Sambalpur...."..http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambalpur

"Although it is generally accepted that Tantric Buddhism first developed in the country of Uddiyana or Odra Desha under King Indrabhuti, there is an old and well known scholarly dispute as to whether Uddiyana or Odra was in the Swat valley, Odisha or some other place.....Indrabhuti, the oldest known king of Sambalpur founded Vajrayana while his sister who was married to Yuvaraja Jalendra of Lankapuri (Suvarnapur) founded Sahajayana. These new Tantric cults of Buddhism introduced Mantra, Mudra and Mandala along with six Tantric Abhicharas (practices) such as Marana, Stambhana, Sammohana, Vidvesan, Uchchatana and Vajikarana. The Tantric Buddhist sects made efforts to raise the dignity of the lowest of the low of the society to a higher plane. It revived primitive beliefs and practices a simpler and less formal approach to the personal god, a liberal and respectful attitude towards women and denial of caste system.....From the seventh century A.D. onwards many popular religious elements of heterogeneous nature were incorporated into Mahayana Buddhism which finally resulted in the origin of Vajrayana, Kalachakrayana and Sahajayana Tantric Buddhism. Tantric Buddhism first developed in Uddiyana, a country which was divided into two kingdoms Sambhala and Lankapuri. Sambhala has been identified with Sambalpur and Lankapuri with Subarnapura (Sonepur).".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambalpur

"Kalki Avatar and Sambalpur.....Kalachakra tantra was first taught by the Buddha to King Indrabhuti, the first dharmaraja of Shambhala. It is widely believed that the next Hindu Avatar known as Kalki will take birth at Sambalpur or Shambhala as this place was known in olden times. There are several mentions of the place Shambhala in different Hindu and Buddhist religious texts as the birthplace of Kalki. The Mahabharatra (Vana Parva, 190.93-97) and Srimad-Bhagavatam Bhag.12.2.18 give reference of Shambhala as the birthplace.".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambalpur

"Chakra Sambar Tantricism of Tantric Buddhism gained popularity in the Gandhagiri region. The chief deity of Chakra Sambara Tantra is Buddha Sambara, the deity whose worship is still popular in China and Tibet. According to Sadhanamala, god Buddha Sambara is one-faced and two-armed. He appears terrible with his garment of tiger-skin, garland of heads, a string of skulls round the head, three eyes and in Âlidhamudrâ, he tramples upon Kalaratri. A number of texts relating to the procedures of worship of God Buddha Sambara have been composed by siddhacharyas like Darikapa, Santideva, Jayadratha and others. King Indrabhuti of Shambala (Sambalpur) composed Chakra Sambara Stotra, Chakra Sambara Anubandha Samgraha, Chakra Sambara Tantraraga Sambara Samuchchaya Nama Brutti etc. The philosopher cum king Indrabhuti became the source inspiration to the adherents of Tantric Buddhist cult in Kosal including Gandhagiri region."....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Sambalpur

Odisha /ɒˈrɪsə/ (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା [oˑɽisaˑ]), formerly known as Orissa, is an Indian state on the subcontinent's east coast, by the Bay of Bengal.

"Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, India. The caves are situated on two adjacent hills, Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in the Hathigumpha inscription.".....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Udayagiri_and_Khandagiri_Caves

"Padmasambhava Vihar, formerly known as Rigon Thupten Mindrolling, is Namkha Drimed Rinpoche’s monastery in Orissa, India. The site for the Rinchen Terdzo, this monastery is located in the middle of the Indian state of Orissa, in an isolated, hilly region several hours drive from the eastern coast.".....http://shambhalatimes.org/2009/03/23/recapping-the-rinchen-terdzo-in-Orissa-india/

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Email....okarresearch@gmail.com

September 2013

John Hopkins....Northern New Mexico

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